What service users with psychotic disorders want in a mental health crisis or relapse: thematic analysis of joint crisis plans

Simone Farrelly, Gill Brown, Diana Rose, Elizabeth Doherty, Claire Henderson, Max Birchwood, Max Marshall, Waquas Waheed, George Szmukler, Graham Thornicroft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose Recent legislation and guidance in England emphasises the importance of service user choice in care planning. However, it is not obvious how best to facilitate choices in care planning, and some clinicians are concerned that service users may make ‘unwise’ decisions. This study aimed to examine mental health service users’ preferences and priorities in the event of a future mental health crisis or relapse. Method Thematic analysis of 221 joint crisis plans (JCP) developed by service users and their clinical team as part of the CRIMSON randomised controlled trial. Participants had a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder, at least one psychiatric admission in the past 2 years, contact with a community mental health team, and complex care needs. Results Two major categories of preferences were identified: first the manner in which crisis care would be delivered; and second, specific treatment interventions. Most service users requested full involvement in decisions about their care, clear and consistent treatment plans, access to familiar clinicians who knew them well, and to be treated with respect and compassion. Some service users requested hospitalisation, but the majority preferred alternatives. The most frequently preferred intervention was care by a home treatment team. Just under half made a treatment refusal, the majority being for specific medications, alternatives were offered. Conclusions Joint crisis planning resulted in service users making choices that were clinically reasonable. The technique employed by JCPs appeared to empower service users by engaging them in a productive dialogue with their clinicians.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Early online date2 Apr 2014
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Apr 2014


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