What am I Looking at? Interpreting Dynamic and Static Gaze Displays

M van Wermeskerken, D Litchfield, T van Gog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)
230 Downloads (Pure)


Displays of eye movements may convey information about cognitive processes but require interpretation. We investigated whether participants were able to interpret displays of their own or other’s eye movements. In Experiments 1 and 2 participants observed an image under three different viewing instructions. Then they were shown static or dynamic gaze displays and had to judge whether it was their own or someone else’s eye movements and what instruction was reflected. Participants were capable of recognizing the instruction reflected in their own and someone else’s gaze display. Instruction recognition was better for dynamic displays, and only this condition yielded above chance performance in recognizing the display as one’s own or another person’s (Experiment 1 & 2). Experiment 3 revealed that order information in the gaze displays only facilitated instruction recognition from scanpaths where the same regions were fixated, but fixation order distinguished the task. Implications of these findings are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-252
Number of pages33
JournalCognitive Science
Issue number1
Early online date13 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • eye tracking
  • eye movements
  • gazeinterpretation
  • gaze display
  • gazerecognition


Dive into the research topics of 'What am I Looking at? Interpreting Dynamic and Static Gaze Displays'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this