Voltage and frequency control during microgrid islanding in a multi-area multi-microgrid system

Thomas John, So Ping Lam*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study presents a control method to regulate load voltage and system frequency during microgrid islanding in a multi-area multi-microgrid (MMG) system. In the event of islanding of a microgrid from the distribution grid in the proposed MMG system, load voltage of the islanded microgrid and system frequency are affected. To overcome these problems, a control system for the MMG system is proposed. The proposed control system facilitates desired power exchange between grid-connected and islanded microgrids, and achieves effective voltage and frequency regulation in the MMG system. The main significance of the proposed MMG system is that multiple microgrids in different locations can be interconnected to meet larger bulk power demands. This ensures improved reliability and security of power supply in the MMG system. An improved model predictive control (MPC) algorithm is used to regulate various parameters such as output voltage, frequency and power of the inverters in the MMG system. The proposed MMG system is tested during islanding and load shedding using simulation studies. The simulation studies show that the inverters can operate effectively using MPC to provide the desired voltage, frequency and power during islanding and load shedding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1502-1512
Number of pages11
JournalIET Generation, Transmission and Distribution
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2017

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