Theory refers to established and emerging frameworks for conducting research. Theoretical paradigms underpin all research and are used to help researchers make decisions about the questions they ask, the methods they use and the interpretations they make. However, in adapted physical education (APE) research, scholars seldom report their theoretical position. This chapter provides an overview of two key ontological frameworks that underpin qualitative and quantitative research. We use these to discuss the necessity of acknowledging and engaging with theoretical debates for ensuring research quality. We conclude with some key questions to help researchers reflect on their own theoretical positions and how this can be used to inform future research.
- Physical education