Transplant Renal Vein Thrombosis.  

K El Zorkani, JULIE-MICHELLE BRIDSON, A Sharma, A Halawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review


Transplant renal vein thrombosis usually occurs early after surgery with a reported prevalence of 0.1% to 4.2%. It is a devastating event that ultimately leads to graft loss in almost all cases. There are many pre­disposing factors related to donor, recipient, surgery, and immunosuppression, with mechanical factors being considered the most common causes of transplant renal vein thrombosis. The clinical mani­festations of acute renal vein thrombosis are nonspecific and are not dissimilar to the features of urine leak, urinary obstruction, or severe acute rejection. The diagnosis of transplant renal vein thrombosis depends on a high index of clinical sus­picion and duplex ultrasonographic scans. Although venography remains the criterion standard, this procedure is invasive and nephrotoxic, due to use of ionizing contrast agents and also due to exposure to ionizing radiation. There are 2 therapies that have been described in the literature for salvaging a renal allograft with transplant renal vein thrombosis: thrombolytic therapy and surgical thrombectomy. The usual end result is renal allograft nephrectomy because the diagnosis is almost always too late.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-129
Number of pages6
JournalExperimental and Clinical Transplantation
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2017


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