Transformational leadership and task cohesion in sport: The mediating role of inside sacrifice

Lorcan Cronin, Arthur Calum, James Hardy, Nichola Callow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)
133 Downloads (Pure)


In this cross-sectional study, we examined a mediational model whereby transformational leadership is related to task cohesion via sacrifice. Participants were 381 American (M age = 19.87 years, SD = 1.41) Division I university athletes (188 males, 193 females) who competed in a variety of sports. Participants completed measures of coach transformational leadership, personal and teammate inside sacrifice, and task cohesion. After conducting multilevel mediation analysis, we found that both personal and teammate inside sacrifice significantly mediated the relationships between transformational leadership behaviors and task cohesion. However, there were differential patterns of these relationships for male and female athletes. Interpretation of the results highlights that coaches should endeavor to display transformational leadership behaviors as they are related to personal and teammate inside sacrifices and task cohesion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-36
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
Issue number1
Early online date28 Feb 2015
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Feb 2015


  • coaching
  • group dynamics
  • teamwork
  • Coaching
  • Group dynamics
  • Teamwork


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