Together Un/Tethered

Research output: Non-textual formPerformance


A series of immersive performances as part of the Arts for the Blues: Creating Connections research project, for which I developed the generative audiovisual framework in Max/MSP/Jitter/Gen/RNBO. The novelty of this work lies in the application of second-order Markov chains for sequencing synthesiser bass notes inside codebox in RNBO, the compiled code from which was run via a Raspberry Pi. Other elements of the soundscape include a stochastic granular synthesis engine utilising various harmonica recordings performed by an Arts for the Blues workshop participant, alongside recordings of deep breathing and running water and birdsong captured in the Lake District National Park in order to tie in with themes of nature, growth, mediation, etc., that were explored during workshops.

The visuals were generated using Jitter in Max and are broken down into four distinct movements to align with the immersive performance choreography/score, again drawing on themes of nature and growth as well as symmetry, mirroring, and pathways. These themes manifest through the manipulation and tessellation of images of tree canopies and the overarching kinesis of a particle system comprising discrete particles that move between random, disconnected movement and synchronised convergence into spiralling geometries.

Performance venues and dates:
Liverpool Lighthouse - 03/06/23;
Arts for the Wellbeing of All: New Horizons in Research event at Edge Hill University - 4 performances from 20-21/06/23;
University of Salford - 03/07/23;
Derby Theatre (University of Derby) - 18/07/23;
Liverpool Lighthouse - 10/10/23.

Knowledge exchange and impact:
My work in developing the soundscape for the immersive performances, inclusive of the novel application of second order Markov chains for sequencing synthesiser notes inside codebox in RNBO, which was run via a Raspberry Pi, was presented at Cycling '74 Office Hours on 08/09/23 and has also been shared by Cycling '74 through their social media channels (links included below).
Original languageEnglish
Media of outputOther
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jun 2023
EventTogether Un/Tethered - Liverpool Lighthouse, Liverpool, United Kingdom
Duration: 3 Jun 20233 Jun 2023


  • Audiovisual art
  • Digital art
  • Generative music
  • Algorithmic music
  • Electronic music
  • Computer music
  • Ambient music
  • Soundscape
  • Granular synthesis
  • Markov chains
  • Stochastic processes
  • Max/MSP
  • Jitter
  • Gen
  • RNBO
  • Raspberry Pi
  • Live performance
  • Immersive performance
  • Field recording
  • Found sound

Research Centres

  • Research Centre for Arts and Wellbeing

Research Groups

  • Emergent Media & Entertainment Research Group
  • Practice Research Group


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