The time to peak blood bicarbonate (HCO 3 – ), pH, and the strong ion difference (SID) following sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3 ) ingestion in highly trained adolescent swimmers

Josh W. Newbury, Matthew Cole, Adam L. Kelly, Richard J. Chessor, S. Andy Sparks*, Lars R. McNaughton, Lewis A. Gough, Caroline Sunderland (Editor)

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The timing of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) supplementation has been suggested to be most optimal when coincided with a personal time that bicarbonate (HCO3–) or pH peaks in the blood following ingestion. However, the ergogenic mechanisms supporting this ingestion strategy are strongly contested. It is therefore plausible that NaHCO3 may be ergogenic by causing beneficial shifts in the strong ion difference (SID), though the time course of this blood acid base balance variable is yet to be investigated. Twelve highly trained, adolescent swimmers (age: 15.9 ± 1.0 years, body mass: 65.3 ± 9.6 kg) consumed their typical pre-competition nutrition 1–3 hours before ingesting 0.3 g∙kg BM-1 NaHCO3 in gelatine capsules. Capillary blood samples were then taken during seated rest on nine occasions (0, 60, 75, 90, 105, 120, 135, 150, 165 min post-ingestion) to identify the time course changes in HCO3–, pH, and the SID. No significant differences were found in the time to peak of each blood measure (HCO3–: 130 ± 35 min, pH: 120 ± 38 min, SID: 98 ± 37 min; p = 0.08); however, a large effect size was calculated between time to peak HCO3– and the SID (g = 0.88). Considering that a difference between time to peak blood HCO3– and the SID was identified in adolescents, future research should compare the ergogenic effects of these two individualized NaHCO3 ingestion strategies compared to a traditional, standardized approach.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e0248456
JournalPLoS One
Volume16
Issue number7
Early online date1 Jul 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Research Article
  • Biology and life sciences
  • Medicine and health sciences
  • People and places
  • Physical sciences

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