The significance of Gilbert F. White's 1945 paper 'Human adjustments to floods' in the development of risk and hazard management

N Macdonald, D Chester, Heather Sangster, B Todd, J Hooke

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Few publications may claim to have transcended the original field in which they were written, by shaping a wide range of research areas and philosophies. In this short paper we reflect on the manner in which Gilbert F. White’s 1945 publication ‘Human adjustment to floods’ has not only shaped how we study and perceive flooding, but has also had a significance beyond its original aims, revolutionizing the ways in which hazard and risk are conceptualized more generally. Before considering the impact of ‘Human adjustment to floods’, we briefly review academic understanding of floods in the decades leading up to the 1940s and later place the 1945 paper in the context of White’s subsequent contributions to research which both developed and built on his ideas.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)125-133
    JournalProgress in Physical Geography
    Volume36
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

    Keywords

    • Flood management
    • Gilbert F. White
    • Hazard
    • Risk

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