The roles of encoding and retrieval processes in associative and categorical memory illusions

S. Dewhurst, E. Bould, L. Knott, C. Thorley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four experiments investigated the origin of associative and categorical memory illusions by comparing the effects of study and test associations on Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) and categorized lists. Experiments 1 and 2 found that levels of false recognition with both list types were increased by manipulations that facilitated the generation of associates at study (blocked presentation of study lists and explicit instructions to generate associates of studied items). Experiments 3 and 4 showed that manipulations designed to increase test associations (test-induced priming and part-set cuing) did not increase levels of false memory with either list type. These findings indicate that false memories produced by both DRM and categorized lists are influenced by associations activated at study but not by associations activated at test.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-164
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2009

Fingerprint

Data storage equipment
manipulation
experiment
Experiments
instruction
Associative
Categorical
Encoding
Illusion
Experiment
False Memory
Associates
Manipulation
Recognition (Psychology)
Priming
Explicit Instruction
False Recognition

Cite this

Dewhurst, S. ; Bould, E. ; Knott, L. ; Thorley, C. / The roles of encoding and retrieval processes in associative and categorical memory illusions. In: Journal of Memory and Language. 2009 ; Vol. 60, No. 1. pp. 154-164.
@article{c900bd92dbea418881abc25b1aa676fa,
title = "The roles of encoding and retrieval processes in associative and categorical memory illusions",
abstract = "Four experiments investigated the origin of associative and categorical memory illusions by comparing the effects of study and test associations on Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) and categorized lists. Experiments 1 and 2 found that levels of false recognition with both list types were increased by manipulations that facilitated the generation of associates at study (blocked presentation of study lists and explicit instructions to generate associates of studied items). Experiments 3 and 4 showed that manipulations designed to increase test associations (test-induced priming and part-set cuing) did not increase levels of false memory with either list type. These findings indicate that false memories produced by both DRM and categorized lists are influenced by associations activated at study but not by associations activated at test.",
author = "S. Dewhurst and E. Bould and L. Knott and C. Thorley",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jml.2008.09.002",
language = "English",
volume = "60",
pages = "154--164",
journal = "Journal of Memory and Language",
issn = "0749-596X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

The roles of encoding and retrieval processes in associative and categorical memory illusions. / Dewhurst, S.; Bould, E.; Knott, L.; Thorley, C.

In: Journal of Memory and Language, Vol. 60, No. 1, 01.2009, p. 154-164.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The roles of encoding and retrieval processes in associative and categorical memory illusions

AU - Dewhurst, S.

AU - Bould, E.

AU - Knott, L.

AU - Thorley, C.

PY - 2009/1

Y1 - 2009/1

N2 - Four experiments investigated the origin of associative and categorical memory illusions by comparing the effects of study and test associations on Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) and categorized lists. Experiments 1 and 2 found that levels of false recognition with both list types were increased by manipulations that facilitated the generation of associates at study (blocked presentation of study lists and explicit instructions to generate associates of studied items). Experiments 3 and 4 showed that manipulations designed to increase test associations (test-induced priming and part-set cuing) did not increase levels of false memory with either list type. These findings indicate that false memories produced by both DRM and categorized lists are influenced by associations activated at study but not by associations activated at test.

AB - Four experiments investigated the origin of associative and categorical memory illusions by comparing the effects of study and test associations on Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) and categorized lists. Experiments 1 and 2 found that levels of false recognition with both list types were increased by manipulations that facilitated the generation of associates at study (blocked presentation of study lists and explicit instructions to generate associates of studied items). Experiments 3 and 4 showed that manipulations designed to increase test associations (test-induced priming and part-set cuing) did not increase levels of false memory with either list type. These findings indicate that false memories produced by both DRM and categorized lists are influenced by associations activated at study but not by associations activated at test.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jml.2008.09.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jml.2008.09.002

M3 - Article

VL - 60

SP - 154

EP - 164

JO - Journal of Memory and Language

JF - Journal of Memory and Language

SN - 0749-596X

IS - 1

ER -