The public health sector supply of modern contraceptives in rural Nigeria: an analysis of selection, forecasting and inventory control

Asa Auta, Samuel B Banwat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review


Public health facilities in rural Nigeria have been experiencing a long period of stock-outs and unavailability of modern contraceptives. This work was carried out to review the public health sector supply of modern contraceptives in rural Nigeria in order to make recommendations on how to improve the supply of modern contraceptives in this area. The study reviewed secondary data from country documents and literature obtained from Pubmed, Popline, and Global Health databases; as well as websites of USAID/DELIVER Project, Measure DHS and Federal Ministry of Health. The study revealed that a wide range of contraceptives are included in the essential drug list to be used in secondary facilities, while only a few ones are selected to be used in primary facilities which serve the majority of rural population. Forecasting is done using issue data from the central warehouse because facilities are not generating reliable consumption data. Inventory control is poor in rural facilities, and these facilities do not follow the established inventory control guidelines. The study therefore demonstrates that the current essential drug list should be reviewed in order to include injectables for use in primary facilities, strengthen the current forecasting, data reporting and inventory control system.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)185-193
JournalReviews in Health Care
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2011


  • Modern contraceptives
  • Selection
  • Forecasting
  • Inventory control
  • Rural-Nigeria

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