The Maximal Intensity Period: Rationalising its Use in Team Sports Practice

D. Weaving, D. Young, A. Riboli, Ben Jones, G. Coratella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Quantifying the highest intensity of competition (the maximal intensity period [MIP]) for varying durations in team sports has been used to identify training targets to inform the preparation of players. However, its usefulness has recently been questioned since it may still underestimate the training intensity required to produce specific physiological adaptations. Within this conceptual review, we aimed to: (i) describe the methods used to determine the MIP; (ii) compare the data obtained using MIP or whole-match analysis, considering the influence of different contextual factors; (iii) rationalise the use of the MIP in team sports practice and (iv) provide limitations and future directions in the area. Different methods are used to determine the MIP, with MIP values far greater than those derived from averaging across the whole match, although they could be affected by contextual factors that should be considered in practice. Additionally, while the MIP might be utilised during sport-specific drills, it is inappropriate to inform the intensity of interval-based, repeated sprint and linear speed training modes. Lastly, MIP does not consider any variable of internal load, a major limitation when informing training practice. In conclusion, practitioners should be aware of the potential use or misuse of the MIP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
JournalSports Medicine - Open
Issue number1
Early online date12 Oct 2022
Publication statusPublished - 12 Oct 2022


  • Football
  • Global positioning system
  • Performance
  • Rolling average
  • Small-sided games
  • Soccer
  • Team sports
  • Time–motion analysis
  • Training


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