The Liverpool Oral Rehabilitation Questionnaire: a pilot study

A. Pace-Balzan, J. Cawood, R. Howell, D. Lowe, S. Rogers

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

    49 Citations (Scopus)


    There are several validated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) questionnaires designed to record patient-derived outcomes in head and neck cancer. None deals specifically with oral rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to pilot a new questionnaire, the Liverpool Oral Rehabilitation Questionnaire (LORQ). The questionnaire consists of 25 items about oral function and denture satisfaction. A four-point Likert scale is used. Sixty-one consecutive patients attending oral rehabilitation clinics completed the LORQ in combination with the University of Washington Head and Neck questionnaire version 3 (UW-QOL) and European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer H and N quality of life questionnaire (EORTC H and N 35). Forty-two patients received questionnaires at baseline, whereas the rest were provided with the questionnaires at various stages of oral rehabilitation. For each item on the questionnaire, a full range of possible responses were given by patients. Kappa coefficients of agreement for test-retest data indicated moderate to very good agreement between repeat questionnaires. There were significant correlations (P < 0.001) between items in the LORQ and those in the UW-QOL and EORTC HN questionnaires. The LORQ also identified differences in responses between non-cancer and cancer groups of patients undergoing oral rehabilitation. This study of the LORQ is encouraging, although data on its responsiveness over time and to intervention is awaited.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)609-617
    JournalJournal of Oral Rehabilitation
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - 2004


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