The family Salinisphaeraceae (Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Salinisphaerales) comprises a single genus, Salinisphaera, and six species: S. shabanensis, S. hydrothermalis, S. dokdonensis, S. orenii, S. halophila, and S. japonica. All members of the family Salinisphaeraceae were isolated from marine/oceanic and high-salinity environments. These bacteria have coccoid or short rod morphologies and are halophilic or halotolerant. All known members of the family Salinisphaeraceae are heterotrophic, mesophilic aerobes, although S. hydrothermalis was shown to be a facultative chemolithoautotroph. Isolation and characterization of new members of the Salinisphaeraceae, as well as in-depth studies of the currently known species, will allow for a better understanding of this family.
|Title of host publication||The Prokaryotes: Gammaproteobacteria|
|Editors||Eugene Rosenberg, Edward DeLong, Stephen Lory, Erko Stackebrandt, Fabiano Thompson|
|Place of Publication||Berlin|
|Publication status||Published - 11 Oct 2014|