The evaluation of training oral and maxillofacial trainees in head and neck cancer doctor-patient communication using the Patient Concerns Inventory.

Emma Walshaw, SIMON ROGERS, Jianhua Wu, JOHN SANDARS, Anastasios Kanatas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Abstract
Head and neck cancer has a significant impact on a patient’s health related quality of life (HRQOL). The head and neck specific Patient Concerns Inventory (PCI-HN) has been utilised to enhance doctor-patient dialogue in routine consultations. To date there has been no formal training for oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS) surgical trainees in the use of the PCI-HN in consultations. The aim of the study was to evaluate training for OMFS surgical trainees in the use of the PCI-HN, using simulated follow-up HNC consultations, in order to improve doctor-patient communication skills.
Material and methods
Ten oral and maxillofacial surgical trainees completed actor simulated HNC consultations before and after training. A study-specific mark scheme was developed based on the ComOn-Coaching rating scales and used to score the doctor-patient interaction. A group debrief afterwards explored the trainee’s experiences of the training and consultations.
Results
All trainees showed an improvement in doctor-patient communication scores following their training. Overall, the six participants who were Specialty registrars, year 3 (ST3) or above, scored higher, than the four Specialty registrars, year 1-2 (ST1-2). The scores were higher if fewer PCI-HN items were discussed (3-4). The most frequently avoided PCI-HN items were intimacy and relationships. The trainees considered that their training was useful for organising their consultations and for providing holistic care.
Conclusion
Although training improved surgeon-patient communication, further evaluation is required with a larger number of trainees and actual consultations in clinic.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa medica (Hradec Kralove)
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 20 Feb 2024

Keywords

  • Head and neck cancer
  • clinical training
  • Oral and Maxillofacial
  • patient concerns inventory
  • Surgeon-Patient Communication

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