The evaluation of student-centredness of teaching and learning: a new mixedmethods approach.

Ana R Lemos, John Sandars, Palmira Alves, Manuel J Costa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to develop and consider the usefulness of a new mixedmethods approach to evaluate the student-centredness of teaching and learning on undergraduate medical courses. An essential paradigm for the evaluation was the coherence between how teachers conceptualise their practice (espoused theories) and their actual practice (theories-in-use). METHODS: The context was a module within an integrated basic sciences course in an undergraduate medical degree programme. The programme had an explicit intention of providing a studentcentred curriculum. A content analysis framework based on Weimer's dimensions of student-centred teaching was used to analyze data collected from individual interviews with seven teachers to identify espoused theories and 34h of classroom observations and one student focus group to identify theories-in-use. The interviewees were identified by purposeful sampling. The findings from the three methods were triangulated to evaluate the student-centredness of teaching and learning on the course. RESULTS: Different, but complementary, perspectives of the student-centredness of teaching and learning were identified by each method. The triangulation of the findings revealed coherence between the teachers' espoused theories and theoriesin- use. CONCLUSIONS: A mixed-methods approach that combined classroom observations with interviews 3 / 6 from a purposeful sample of teachers and students offered a useful evaluation of the extent of student-centredness of teaching and learning of this basic science course. Our case study suggests that this new approach is applicable to other courses in medical education.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)157-164
JournalInternational journal of medical education
Volume5
Early online date14 Aug 2014
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Student-centred learning
  • espoused theories
  • mixed methods
  • theories-in-use

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