The effects of novel ingestion of sodium bicarbonate on repeated sprint ability

Peter Miller, Amy Robinson, Andy Sparks, Craig Bridge, David Bentley, Lars McNaughton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)
243 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This work examined the influence of an acute dose of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO 3) on buffering capacity and performance during a repeated sprint ability (RSA) protocol. Eleven (mean ± SD: Age 24.6 ± 6.1 years; mass 74.9 ± 5.7 kg; height 177.2 ± 6.7 cm) participated in the study, undertaking 4 test sessions. On the first visit to the laboratory, each participant ingested 300 mg·kg-1 of NaHCO 3 (in 450 ml of flavored water) and blood samples were obtained at regular intervals to determine the individual times peak pH and HCO 3-. In subsequent visits, participants ingested 300 mg·kg-1 of NaHCO 3, 270 mg·kg-1 body mass (BM) of NaCI, or no drink followed by a RSA cycling protocol (10 × 6 seconds sprints with 60 seconds recovery), which commenced at each individuals predetermined ingestion peak pH response time. Blood samples were obtained before exercise and after the first, fifth, and 10th sprint to determine the blood pH, HCO 3-, and lactate (La-) responses. Total work completed during the repeated sprint protocol was higher (p ≤ 0.05) in the NaHCO 3 condition (69.8 ± 11.7 kJ) compared with both the control (59.6 ± 12.2 kJ) and placebo (63.0 ± 8.3 kJ) conditions. Peak power output was similar (p > 0.05) between the 3 conditions. Relative to the control and placebo conditions, NaHCO 3 ingestion induced higher (p ≤ 0.05) blood pH and HCO 3-concentrations before exercise and during the bouts, and higher lactate concentrations (p ≤ 0.05) after the final sprint. Results suggest that NaHCO 3-improves the total amount of work completed during RSA through enhanced buffering capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)561-568
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Strength & Conditioning Research
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

Keywords

  • buffering
  • cycling
  • ergogenic AIDS
  • performance
  • sprinting

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