The effects of attentional focusing strategies on novice dart throwing performance and Their task experiences

David Marchant, Peter J Clough, Martin Crawshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Novice darts throwers completed a dart‐throwing task using either control (no additional instruction), external, or internal attentional focusing instructions. Ratings of the experience of using the instructions were collected post‐task (e.g., instructional difficulty). Participants using the external and control instructions performed significantly more accurately than those using the internal focus instructions but did not differ themselves. The control instructions were rated as significantly easier and less mentally demanding to use than the external instructions. The external and internal conditions did not differ in ratings of mental demands, but the external instructions were rated as more successful than the internal instructions. These results support previous research advocating the use of instructions that emphasize external goal‐related information and that novices can benefit immediately from such instruction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-303
JournalInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume5
Issue number3
Early online date28 Feb 2011
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Feb 2011

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