Introduction: Duathlon is a multi-sport event that has received little attention in terms of dietary intervention studies but presents an ideal form of exercise in which the development of appropriate nutritional strategies might beneﬁt performance. This study investigated the effect of high carbohydrate and high fat meals on the metabolic responses to simulated duathlon time trials. Methods: Nine male subjects of mean (SD) age 28.6 (5.9) y, body mass 76.8 (8.5) kg, height 1.80 (0.7) m, and VO2max 4.8 (0.6) l.min- 1 completed three laboratory simulated duathlon time trials (5 km run, 30 km cycle, and 5 km run). Subjects fasted overnight before each duathlon and were randomly given isoenergetic meals (3998±2.2kJ) 3.5 hours before the start of exercise. The meals consisted of predominantly low carbohydrate (LCHO: 50 g), high carbohydrate (CHO: 214.8 g) or a fasting (F) condition, in which subjects ate nothing. Respiratory gas analysis was used to calculate substrate oxidation rates (Frayn 1983) and ATP utilisation was calculated using standard stoichiometric calculations. Signiﬁcant differences in all of the data between conditions and over time were identiﬁed using a General Linear Model ANOVA with Repeated Measures and significance was accepted at p< 0.05. Results: Time to complete the duathlon (101.9±6.8, 101.0±7.1, 102.4±7.1 min for the F, CHO and LCHO respectively) was not signiﬁ- cantly affected by the pre-exercise meals (p> 0.05). Total ATP utilisation (92.5±7.7, 94.8±5.3, 92.6±9.2 mol.min-1 for F, CHO and LCHO respectively) was also unaffected by the pre-exercise meals although there were signiﬁcant changes in the rate of ATP use as a result of a change in exercise modality (p<0.01). Carbohydrate oxidation rate was signiﬁcantly increased following CHO (p<0.05) and signiﬁ- cantly reduced following LCHO meal (p>0.05). Conversely fat oxidation rate was suppressed (p< 0.05) as a consequence of the availability of carbohydrate following CHO. Conclusion: Despite changes in substrate availability and differences in the oxidation rates of both carbohydrate and fat, both duathlon performance and the rate at which ATP is utilised are not altered as a result of acute pre-exercise macronutrient manipulation.
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
|Event||Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS) - Jyväskylä, Finland|
Duration: 11 Jul 2007 → 14 Jul 2007
|Conference||Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS)|
|Period||11/07/07 → 14/07/07|