The effect of beetroot juice supplementation on repeat-sprint performance in hypoxia

Georgina L. Kent, Brian Dawson, Lars R. McNaughton, Gregory R. Cox, Louise M. Burke, Peter Peeling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


This investigation assessed the effect of dietary nitrate (NO3-) supplementation, in the form of beetroot juice (BR), on repeat-sprint performance in normoxia and normobaric hypoxia. 12 male team-sport athletes (age 22.3 ± 2.6 y, VO2peak 53.1 ± 8.7 completed three exercise trials involving a 10 min submaximal warm-up and 4 sets of cycling repeat-sprint efforts (RSE; 9 × 4 s) at sea level (CON), or at 3000 m simulated altitude following acute supplementation (140 mL) with BR (HYPBR; 13 mmol NO3-) or NO3-depleted BR placebo (HYPPLA). Peak (PPO) and mean (MPO) power output, plus work decrement were recorded during the RSE task, while oxygen consumption (VO2) was measured during the warm-up. There were no significant differences observed between HYPBR and HYPPLA for PPO or MPO; however, work decrement was reduced in the first RSE set in HYPBR compared with HYPPLA. There was a moderate effect for VO2 to be lower following BR at the end of the 10 min warm-up (ES = 0.50 ± 0.51). Dietary NO3- may not improve repeat-sprint performance in hypoxia but may reduce VO2 during submaximal exercise. Therefore, BR supplementation may be more effective for performance improvement during predominantly aerobic exercise.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-346
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019


  • Dietary nitrate
  • altitude
  • oxygen consumption
  • team sport


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