The cost of infant feeding in Liverpool, England

K Berridge, A F Hackett, J Abayomi, S M Maxwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate feeding practices in infants under the age of 4 months in Liverpool, England with particular reference to the cost of infant feeding.

DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey consisting of self-completion questionnaires and interviews.

SETTING: Subjects' homes within Central and South Liverpool Primary Care Trust areas.

SUBJECTS: One hundred and forty-nine women (aged 18 to 43 years) and their infants (mean age 13 weeks).

RESULTS: The average weekly cost of breast-feeding was 11.58 pounds sterling compared with 9.60 pounds sterling for formula-feeding. Many breast- and formula-feeding women spent money however on items that were not needed or used only once or twice. This was especially true of first-time mothers. Characteristics significantly associated with higher spending were: feeding method - mothers that had or were partially breast-feeding (P=0.001), education - those educated to degree level (P=0.028), socio-economic status - those in social classes I and II (P=0.002) and age - those aged 30 years and over (P=0.003).

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that while breast-feeding is often promoted as being free, this is not the case. Better information needs to be given to parents to avoid wasting money on items that are unnecessary, or where cheaper alternatives are available.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-46
Number of pages8
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume7
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

Fingerprint

Breast Feeding
England
Costs and Cost Analysis
Mothers
Feeding Methods
Social Class
Primary Health Care
Cross-Sectional Studies
Parents
Economics
Interviews
Education

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Breast Feeding
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • England
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Food/economics
  • Infant Formula/economics
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Parity
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

Berridge, K ; Hackett, A F ; Abayomi, J ; Maxwell, S M. / The cost of infant feeding in Liverpool, England. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2004 ; Vol. 7, No. 8. pp. 1039-46.
@article{0fc5c807d3aa4ee39e839e9a840fb368,
title = "The cost of infant feeding in Liverpool, England",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To investigate feeding practices in infants under the age of 4 months in Liverpool, England with particular reference to the cost of infant feeding.DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey consisting of self-completion questionnaires and interviews.SETTING: Subjects' homes within Central and South Liverpool Primary Care Trust areas.SUBJECTS: One hundred and forty-nine women (aged 18 to 43 years) and their infants (mean age 13 weeks).RESULTS: The average weekly cost of breast-feeding was 11.58 pounds sterling compared with 9.60 pounds sterling for formula-feeding. Many breast- and formula-feeding women spent money however on items that were not needed or used only once or twice. This was especially true of first-time mothers. Characteristics significantly associated with higher spending were: feeding method - mothers that had or were partially breast-feeding (P=0.001), education - those educated to degree level (P=0.028), socio-economic status - those in social classes I and II (P=0.002) and age - those aged 30 years and over (P=0.003).CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that while breast-feeding is often promoted as being free, this is not the case. Better information needs to be given to parents to avoid wasting money on items that are unnecessary, or where cheaper alternatives are available.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adult, Age Factors, Breast Feeding, Costs and Cost Analysis, Cross-Sectional Studies, England, Female, Humans, Infant, Infant Food/economics, Infant Formula/economics, Infant, Newborn, Male, Parity, Socioeconomic Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires",
author = "K Berridge and Hackett, {A F} and J Abayomi and Maxwell, {S M}",
year = "2004",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1079/PHN2004650",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "1039--46",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "8",

}

Berridge, K, Hackett, AF, Abayomi, J & Maxwell, SM 2004, 'The cost of infant feeding in Liverpool, England', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 1039-46. https://doi.org/10.1079/PHN2004650

The cost of infant feeding in Liverpool, England. / Berridge, K; Hackett, A F; Abayomi, J; Maxwell, S M.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 7, No. 8, 12.2004, p. 1039-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The cost of infant feeding in Liverpool, England

AU - Berridge, K

AU - Hackett, A F

AU - Abayomi, J

AU - Maxwell, S M

PY - 2004/12

Y1 - 2004/12

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To investigate feeding practices in infants under the age of 4 months in Liverpool, England with particular reference to the cost of infant feeding.DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey consisting of self-completion questionnaires and interviews.SETTING: Subjects' homes within Central and South Liverpool Primary Care Trust areas.SUBJECTS: One hundred and forty-nine women (aged 18 to 43 years) and their infants (mean age 13 weeks).RESULTS: The average weekly cost of breast-feeding was 11.58 pounds sterling compared with 9.60 pounds sterling for formula-feeding. Many breast- and formula-feeding women spent money however on items that were not needed or used only once or twice. This was especially true of first-time mothers. Characteristics significantly associated with higher spending were: feeding method - mothers that had or were partially breast-feeding (P=0.001), education - those educated to degree level (P=0.028), socio-economic status - those in social classes I and II (P=0.002) and age - those aged 30 years and over (P=0.003).CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that while breast-feeding is often promoted as being free, this is not the case. Better information needs to be given to parents to avoid wasting money on items that are unnecessary, or where cheaper alternatives are available.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To investigate feeding practices in infants under the age of 4 months in Liverpool, England with particular reference to the cost of infant feeding.DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey consisting of self-completion questionnaires and interviews.SETTING: Subjects' homes within Central and South Liverpool Primary Care Trust areas.SUBJECTS: One hundred and forty-nine women (aged 18 to 43 years) and their infants (mean age 13 weeks).RESULTS: The average weekly cost of breast-feeding was 11.58 pounds sterling compared with 9.60 pounds sterling for formula-feeding. Many breast- and formula-feeding women spent money however on items that were not needed or used only once or twice. This was especially true of first-time mothers. Characteristics significantly associated with higher spending were: feeding method - mothers that had or were partially breast-feeding (P=0.001), education - those educated to degree level (P=0.028), socio-economic status - those in social classes I and II (P=0.002) and age - those aged 30 years and over (P=0.003).CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that while breast-feeding is often promoted as being free, this is not the case. Better information needs to be given to parents to avoid wasting money on items that are unnecessary, or where cheaper alternatives are available.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Age Factors

KW - Breast Feeding

KW - Costs and Cost Analysis

KW - Cross-Sectional Studies

KW - England

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Infant

KW - Infant Food/economics

KW - Infant Formula/economics

KW - Infant, Newborn

KW - Male

KW - Parity

KW - Socioeconomic Factors

KW - Surveys and Questionnaires

U2 - 10.1079/PHN2004650

DO - 10.1079/PHN2004650

M3 - Article

C2 - 15548342

VL - 7

SP - 1039

EP - 1046

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 8

ER -