The Association Between the Negative effects Attributed to Ecstasy use and Measures of Cognition and Mood Among Users

J. Fisk, C. Montgomery, P. Murphy

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

In self reports, abstinent ecstasy/polydrug users claim that they experience certain ongoing affective and psychological changes including elevated anxiety, arousal, and depression. In addition, various aspects of cognition (e.g., everyday memory, reasoning, executive functioning) appear to be affected. The present paper investigated the link between these two psychological sequelae. Ninety-five ecstasy/polydrug users completed tests of reasoning, intelligence, information processing speed, executive functioning, and everyday memory. Affect was measured via a mood adjective checklist. Adverse effects attributed to ecstasy were measured via responses to adjectives reflecting changes in users since they started using the drug. In addition, indicators of sleep quality and daytime sleepiness were obtained. Users attributed a number of adverse effects to ecstasy, namely heightened irritability, depression, paranoia, and deteriorating health. Adverse effects were significantly and negatively correlated with aspects of intelligence, everyday memory, and sleep quality. Length of use of ecstasy use was positively correlated with adverse effects. While many users attribute a number of adverse affects to their use of ecstasy, it remains unclear whether these self-perceptions are a corollary of the psychopharmacological effects of the drug or reflect factors which in fact predate its use.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2008
EventBritish Psychological Society (BPS) Psychobiology Section Annual Scientific Meeting - Windermere, United Kingdom
Duration: 3 Sep 20085 Sep 2008

Conference

ConferenceBritish Psychological Society (BPS) Psychobiology Section Annual Scientific Meeting
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityWindermere
Period3/09/085/09/08

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Cognition
Sleep
Depression
Psychology
Paranoid Disorders
Intelligence Tests
Prednisolone
Arousal
Checklist
Intelligence
Automatic Data Processing
Self Concept
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Self Report
Anxiety
Health

Cite this

Fisk, J., Montgomery, C., & Murphy, P. (2008). The Association Between the Negative effects Attributed to Ecstasy use and Measures of Cognition and Mood Among Users. Paper presented at British Psychological Society (BPS) Psychobiology Section Annual Scientific Meeting, Windermere, United Kingdom.
Fisk, J. ; Montgomery, C. ; Murphy, P. / The Association Between the Negative effects Attributed to Ecstasy use and Measures of Cognition and Mood Among Users. Paper presented at British Psychological Society (BPS) Psychobiology Section Annual Scientific Meeting, Windermere, United Kingdom.
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Fisk, J, Montgomery, C & Murphy, P 2008, 'The Association Between the Negative effects Attributed to Ecstasy use and Measures of Cognition and Mood Among Users' Paper presented at British Psychological Society (BPS) Psychobiology Section Annual Scientific Meeting, Windermere, United Kingdom, 3/09/08 - 5/09/08, .

The Association Between the Negative effects Attributed to Ecstasy use and Measures of Cognition and Mood Among Users. / Fisk, J.; Montgomery, C.; Murphy, P.

2008. Paper presented at British Psychological Society (BPS) Psychobiology Section Annual Scientific Meeting, Windermere, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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T1 - The Association Between the Negative effects Attributed to Ecstasy use and Measures of Cognition and Mood Among Users

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AU - Murphy, P.

PY - 2008

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N2 - In self reports, abstinent ecstasy/polydrug users claim that they experience certain ongoing affective and psychological changes including elevated anxiety, arousal, and depression. In addition, various aspects of cognition (e.g., everyday memory, reasoning, executive functioning) appear to be affected. The present paper investigated the link between these two psychological sequelae. Ninety-five ecstasy/polydrug users completed tests of reasoning, intelligence, information processing speed, executive functioning, and everyday memory. Affect was measured via a mood adjective checklist. Adverse effects attributed to ecstasy were measured via responses to adjectives reflecting changes in users since they started using the drug. In addition, indicators of sleep quality and daytime sleepiness were obtained. Users attributed a number of adverse effects to ecstasy, namely heightened irritability, depression, paranoia, and deteriorating health. Adverse effects were significantly and negatively correlated with aspects of intelligence, everyday memory, and sleep quality. Length of use of ecstasy use was positively correlated with adverse effects. While many users attribute a number of adverse affects to their use of ecstasy, it remains unclear whether these self-perceptions are a corollary of the psychopharmacological effects of the drug or reflect factors which in fact predate its use.

AB - In self reports, abstinent ecstasy/polydrug users claim that they experience certain ongoing affective and psychological changes including elevated anxiety, arousal, and depression. In addition, various aspects of cognition (e.g., everyday memory, reasoning, executive functioning) appear to be affected. The present paper investigated the link between these two psychological sequelae. Ninety-five ecstasy/polydrug users completed tests of reasoning, intelligence, information processing speed, executive functioning, and everyday memory. Affect was measured via a mood adjective checklist. Adverse effects attributed to ecstasy were measured via responses to adjectives reflecting changes in users since they started using the drug. In addition, indicators of sleep quality and daytime sleepiness were obtained. Users attributed a number of adverse effects to ecstasy, namely heightened irritability, depression, paranoia, and deteriorating health. Adverse effects were significantly and negatively correlated with aspects of intelligence, everyday memory, and sleep quality. Length of use of ecstasy use was positively correlated with adverse effects. While many users attribute a number of adverse affects to their use of ecstasy, it remains unclear whether these self-perceptions are a corollary of the psychopharmacological effects of the drug or reflect factors which in fact predate its use.

M3 - Paper

ER -

Fisk J, Montgomery C, Murphy P. The Association Between the Negative effects Attributed to Ecstasy use and Measures of Cognition and Mood Among Users. 2008. Paper presented at British Psychological Society (BPS) Psychobiology Section Annual Scientific Meeting, Windermere, United Kingdom.