Tensions, issues and strengths of Professor Lucy Green’s model of informal learning.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review


20 years have passed since Green’s (2002) publication which proposed a model of informal learning based upon five key principles. The discussion it ignited within the discipline was vast, the debate is still ongoing, and the approach is still being implemented internationally. It is timely to explore literature that has focused upon Green’s (2002, 2008) model, both to celebrate the approach, but also to acknowledge the challenges of implementation – particularly in light of current formal, traditional music education policy in England - to consider ways of addressing the issues.

Literature has been presented according to key themes, to highlight tensions, issues and strengths of the approach. The themes include: teacher role, student autonomy, motivation, student inclusion, authenticity and marketisation. The key themes act as a framework to aid understanding of the complexities of the debate. The tensions, issues and strengths have implications for practice, as proposed in this article.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalMusic Education Research
Early online date14 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2022


  • Informal learning
  • Music education
  • Musical Futures


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