Surface wind flow characteristics over foredune and beach topography: 3-D model and high resolution field investigations

Derek Jackson, Andrew Cooper, Irene Delgado-Fernandez, Kevin Lynch, Andreas Baas, Meiring Beyers

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Understanding airflow behaviour over three-dimensional foredune terrain allows detailed examination of the aeolian transport environment between beaches and dunes. A spatial array of twenty four ultrasonic anemometers was deployed in 2010 over a beach and foredune system at Magilligan, Northern Ireland to capture airflow data under a range of incident offshore directions. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling was also conducted using input data from anemometer field measurements, running over a surface mesh generated from LiDAR and DGPS surveys. Aeolian sediment transport measurements were also undertaken using high resolution (20Hz) load cell traps. Results demonstrate the heterogeneity of surface (sub-metre) airflow speed and direction when emerging from the foredune crest position. Distinctive airflow steering and reverse flow directions were noted as being dependent on incident wind direction at the crest with maximum reversal under near perpendicular offshore winds. As the incident winds veer around to a more oblique offshore direction they adapt a steered rather than reversed flow behaviour. A zonation pattern of surface shear stress was apparent across the foredune toe and back beach area and contained flow that was above threshold for aeolian sediment entrainment. Measurement of sediment flux also showed transport events under these steered and reversed flow scenarios. Localised undulations in the foredune crest topography are likely to have played a significant role in dictating the heterogeneous patterns of surface flow and shear stress. These findings show that reversed flow behaviour can induce significant aeolian flux and therefore demonstrates its importance in aeolian sediment budgets for leeside coasts (offshore winds dominant) where there are particular foredune configurations present.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2010
EventGlobal Sand Seas Conference - Royal Geographical Society, London, United Kingdom
Duration: 18 Oct 2010 → …

Conference

ConferenceGlobal Sand Seas Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityLondon
Period18/10/10 → …

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surface wind
beach
topography
airflow
anemometer
shear stress
DGPS
sediment budget
computational fluid dynamics
entrainment
wind direction
sediment
zonation
sediment transport
dune
coast
modeling

Cite this

Jackson, D., Cooper, A., Delgado-Fernandez, I., Lynch, K., Baas, A., & Beyers, M. (2010). Surface wind flow characteristics over foredune and beach topography: 3-D model and high resolution field investigations. Poster session presented at Global Sand Seas Conference, London, United Kingdom.
Jackson, Derek ; Cooper, Andrew ; Delgado-Fernandez, Irene ; Lynch, Kevin ; Baas, Andreas ; Beyers, Meiring. / Surface wind flow characteristics over foredune and beach topography: 3-D model and high resolution field investigations. Poster session presented at Global Sand Seas Conference, London, United Kingdom.
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Jackson, D, Cooper, A, Delgado-Fernandez, I, Lynch, K, Baas, A & Beyers, M 2010, 'Surface wind flow characteristics over foredune and beach topography: 3-D model and high resolution field investigations' Global Sand Seas Conference, London, United Kingdom, 18/10/10, .

Surface wind flow characteristics over foredune and beach topography: 3-D model and high resolution field investigations. / Jackson, Derek; Cooper, Andrew; Delgado-Fernandez, Irene; Lynch, Kevin; Baas, Andreas; Beyers, Meiring.

2010. Poster session presented at Global Sand Seas Conference, London, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - Surface wind flow characteristics over foredune and beach topography: 3-D model and high resolution field investigations

AU - Jackson, Derek

AU - Cooper, Andrew

AU - Delgado-Fernandez, Irene

AU - Lynch, Kevin

AU - Baas, Andreas

AU - Beyers, Meiring

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Understanding airflow behaviour over three-dimensional foredune terrain allows detailed examination of the aeolian transport environment between beaches and dunes. A spatial array of twenty four ultrasonic anemometers was deployed in 2010 over a beach and foredune system at Magilligan, Northern Ireland to capture airflow data under a range of incident offshore directions. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling was also conducted using input data from anemometer field measurements, running over a surface mesh generated from LiDAR and DGPS surveys. Aeolian sediment transport measurements were also undertaken using high resolution (20Hz) load cell traps. Results demonstrate the heterogeneity of surface (sub-metre) airflow speed and direction when emerging from the foredune crest position. Distinctive airflow steering and reverse flow directions were noted as being dependent on incident wind direction at the crest with maximum reversal under near perpendicular offshore winds. As the incident winds veer around to a more oblique offshore direction they adapt a steered rather than reversed flow behaviour. A zonation pattern of surface shear stress was apparent across the foredune toe and back beach area and contained flow that was above threshold for aeolian sediment entrainment. Measurement of sediment flux also showed transport events under these steered and reversed flow scenarios. Localised undulations in the foredune crest topography are likely to have played a significant role in dictating the heterogeneous patterns of surface flow and shear stress. These findings show that reversed flow behaviour can induce significant aeolian flux and therefore demonstrates its importance in aeolian sediment budgets for leeside coasts (offshore winds dominant) where there are particular foredune configurations present.

AB - Understanding airflow behaviour over three-dimensional foredune terrain allows detailed examination of the aeolian transport environment between beaches and dunes. A spatial array of twenty four ultrasonic anemometers was deployed in 2010 over a beach and foredune system at Magilligan, Northern Ireland to capture airflow data under a range of incident offshore directions. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modelling was also conducted using input data from anemometer field measurements, running over a surface mesh generated from LiDAR and DGPS surveys. Aeolian sediment transport measurements were also undertaken using high resolution (20Hz) load cell traps. Results demonstrate the heterogeneity of surface (sub-metre) airflow speed and direction when emerging from the foredune crest position. Distinctive airflow steering and reverse flow directions were noted as being dependent on incident wind direction at the crest with maximum reversal under near perpendicular offshore winds. As the incident winds veer around to a more oblique offshore direction they adapt a steered rather than reversed flow behaviour. A zonation pattern of surface shear stress was apparent across the foredune toe and back beach area and contained flow that was above threshold for aeolian sediment entrainment. Measurement of sediment flux also showed transport events under these steered and reversed flow scenarios. Localised undulations in the foredune crest topography are likely to have played a significant role in dictating the heterogeneous patterns of surface flow and shear stress. These findings show that reversed flow behaviour can induce significant aeolian flux and therefore demonstrates its importance in aeolian sediment budgets for leeside coasts (offshore winds dominant) where there are particular foredune configurations present.

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M3 - Poster

ER -

Jackson D, Cooper A, Delgado-Fernandez I, Lynch K, Baas A, Beyers M. Surface wind flow characteristics over foredune and beach topography: 3-D model and high resolution field investigations. 2010. Poster session presented at Global Sand Seas Conference, London, United Kingdom.