Stress appraisals, coping, and coping effectiveness among international cross-country runners during training and competition

A.R. Nicholls, Andy Levy, A. Grice, R.C.J. Polman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aims of this study were to explore: (a) stressors (including intensity of the feelings that the appraisal of each stressor generated and control of the stressor) and coping strategies on training and competition days; (b) the relationship between stressor intensity and stressor control; (c) the relationship between stressor intensity and stressor control with coping effectiveness; and (d) the relationship between coping effectiveness and coping automaticity. Participants were 10 elite Caucasian cross-country athletes who maintained a stressor and coping diary for 6 weeks. Results revealed that the runners experienced diverse stressors and used different coping strategies on training and competition days. Stressors were significantly more intense on competition days. Additionally, there was a significant negative correlation between stressor intensity and stressor control, and a negative correlation between stressor intensity and coping effectiveness. These results support the notion that stressors and coping are situation-specific variables. Applied practitioners could thus devise situation-specific coping interventions to maximize coping effectiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-293
JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Stress appraisals, coping, and coping effectiveness among international cross-country runners during training and competition. / Nicholls, A.R.; Levy, Andy; Grice, A.; Polman, R.C.J.

In: European Journal of Sport Science, Vol. 9, No. 5, 2009, p. 285-293.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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