A polyphasic approach was used for evaluating the taxonomic status of strain HST21T isolated from Salar de Huasco in the Atacama Desert. The results of 16S rRNA gene and multilocus sequence phylogenetic analyses assigned strain HST21T to the genus Streptomyces with Streptomyces albidochromogenes DSM 41800T and Streptomyces flavidovirens DSM 40150T as its nearest neighbours. Digital DNA–DNA hydridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values between the genome sequences of strain HST21T and S. albidochromogenes DSM 41800T (35.6 and 88.2 %) and S. flavidovirens DSM 40105T (47.2 and 88.8 %) were below the thresholds of 70 and 95–96 % for prokaryotic conspecific assignation. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genetic results distinguished strain HST21T from its closest neighbours. Strain HST21T is characterized by the presence of LL-diaminopimelic acid in its peptidoglycan layer; glucose and ribose as whole cell sugars; diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, glycophospholipids, unknown lipids and phospholipids as polar lipids; and anteiso-C15: 0 (21.6 %) and anteiso-C17: 0 (20.5 %) as major fatty acids (>15 %). Based on these results, strain HST21T merits recognition as a novel species, for which the name Streptomyces altiplanensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HST21T =DSM 107267T =CECT 9647T . While analysing the phylogenies of strain HST21T, Streptomyces chryseus DSM 40420T and Streptomyces helvaticus DSM 40431T were found to have 100 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with digital DNA–DNA hydridization (dDDH) and average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of 95.3 and 99.4 %, respectively. Therefore, S. helvaticus is considered as a later heterotypic synonym of S. chryseus and, consequently, we emend the description of S. chryseus.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology|
|Early online date||1 Aug 2019|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2019|
- Atacama Desert
- Genome sequence