Social protection and return migration: trans-national and trans-temporal developmental gaps in the Albania-Greece migration corridor

Zana Vathi, Veronika Duci, Elona Dhembo

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    Abstract

    Based on qualitative research with migrants, their children and key informants in Albania, this paper investigates the experiences of return migrants with social protection and their positionality towards social protection stakeholders. Return migration to Albania has intensified in the past few years due to the economic crisis in different European countries where many Albanians have migrated to since the beginning of the 1990s. Findings of multi-sited fieldwork testify to the centrality of social protection in the process of migrants’ relocation to the country of origin. Due to the transnational and transtemporal dimensions of the return process, access to and overall experiences of social protection are mediated by different understandings and regulation of the thresholds of vulnerability, need and welfare held by return migrants, locals, policy makers and service providers. These staggered understandings and thresholds are embedded in an observed transnational and translocal developmental gap between the country of immigration and country of origin where migrants relocate to. Resource environment in the context of return is, therefore, characterised by cognitive and material discontinuities at transnational and transtemporal level. Experiences of these discontinuities impact on returnees’ social protection strategies and have significant implications for their social and economic positioning upon return to the country of origin.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)243-263
    Number of pages21
    JournalMigration and Development
    Volume8
    Issue number2
    Early online date30 Oct 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2019

    Keywords

    • Social protection
    • return migration
    • resource environment
    • trans-national
    • trans-temporal
    • Albania

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