Short-Duration Hypothermia Induction in Rats using Models for Studies examining Clinical Relevance and Mechanisms

Daniel Omileke, Steven Bothwell, Daniel J. Beard, Nikolce Mackovski, Sara Azarpeykan, Kirsten Coupland, Adjanie Patabendige, Neil Spratt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is a powerful neuroprotective strategy that has provided robust evidence for neuroprotection in pre-clinical studies of neurological disorders. Despite strong pre-clinical evidence, TH has not shown efficacy in clinical trials of most neurological disorders. The only successful trials employing therapeutic hypothermia were related to cardiac arrest in adults and hypoxic ischemic injury in neonates. Further investigations into the parameters of its use, and study design comparisons between pre-clinical and clinical studies, are warranted. This article demonstrates two methods of short-duration hypothermia induction. The first method allows for rapid hypothermia induction in rats using ethanol spray and fans. This method works by cooling the skin, which has been less commonly used in clinical trials and may have different physiological effects. Cooling is much more rapid with this technique than is achievable in human patients due to differences in surface area to volume ratio. Along with this, a second method is also presented, which allows for a clinically achievable cooling rate for short-duration hypothermia. This method is easy to implement, reproducible and does not require active skin cooling.

Original languageEnglish
Article number62325
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Issue number169
Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes


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