Shedding light on incidence and burden of physeal injuries in a youth elite football academy: A 4-season prospective study: Physeal injuries in youth soccer

OLIVIER MATERNE*, karim Chamari, Abdulaziz Farooq, Montassar tabben, Adam Weir, per Holmich, Roald Bahr, MATT GREIG, LARS MCNAUGHTON

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Physeal injuries have been overlooked in epidemiological research
in youth sports. Our prospective study investigated the incidence, severity,
and burden of physeal injuries in a youth elite football academy.
Methods: In total, 551 youth male football players from under-9
to under-19 were included and observed over four consecutive seasons. Injuries involving the physis were diagnosed and recorded according to type, location, and diagnosis. Injury incidence (II), severity (days lost), and injury burden (IB) were calculated per squad per season (25 players/squad).
Results: There were 307 physeal injuries: 262 apophyseal (85%), 26 physeal (9%),
2 epiphyseal (1%), and 17 other physeal injuries (5%) with 80% (n=245) causing
time-loss. The overall mean incidence of time-loss physeal injuries was 6 injuries/ squad-season, leading to a total of 157 days lost/squad-season. The U-16s had the highest burden with 444 days lost per squad-season [median: 20 (95% CI: 12–30) days; II: 10 (95% CI: 7.3.1–13.4)]. Apophyseal injuries of the hip–pelvis resulted in the greatest burden [median: 13 (95% CI: 10–17); II: 2.5 (95% CI: 2.1–3.0)]. Peak apophyseal injury incidence per body parts occurred in U-11
for foot–ankle (II: 2.4; 95% CI: 1.0–4.9), U-14 for knee (II: 4.5; 95% CI: 2.7–7.1),
and U-17 for hip–pelvis (II: 6.4; 95% CI: 4.2–9.3).
Conclusion: Physeal injuries accounted for a quarter of all-time
loss with the largest injury burden in U-16. Most physeal injuries involved the lower limb and affected the apophysis. Physeal and apophyseal injuries incidence, burden, and pattern vary substantially depending on age. Hip–pelvic
apophyseal injuries accounted for the largest injury burden.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-176
Number of pages12
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Volume32
Issue number1
Early online date22 Sep 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 22 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • avulsion,
  • pediatric,
  • physis
  • soccer
  • epidemiology
  • growth plate
  • hip–pelvis apophysis,
  • osteochondroses

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