Renewable energy consumption and economic growth nexus: Evidence from a threshold model

Chaoyi Chen, MEHMET PINAR, Thanasis Stengos

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The existing literature on renewable energy consumption and economic growth nexus produces mixed results as the effect of renewable energy consumption on economic growth can be either positive, negative or not significant. This paper examines the causal link between renewable energy use and economic growth by employing a threshold model using a 103-country sample in the 1995 to 2015 period. We find that the relationship between renewable energy consumption and economic growth depends on the amount of renewable energy used. Our results demonstrate that the effect of renewable energy consumption on economic growth is positive and significant if and only if developing countries or non-OECD countries surpass a certain threshold of renewable energy consumption. However, if developing countries use renewable energy below a given threshold level, the effect of renewable energy consumption on economic growth is negative. However, we also find that renewable energy consumption has no significant effect on economic growth in developed countries and a positive and significant effect on economic growth in OECD countries. The findings of this paper suggest that for developing countries to realize positive economic growth from their investment to renewable energy, they need to surpass a certain threshold of renewable energy consumption.
Original languageEnglish
Article number111295
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume139
Early online date28 Jan 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Economic growth
  • Non-linear effects
  • OECD countries
  • Panel data
  • Renewable energy consumption
  • Threshold

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