Randomised feasibility study to compare the use of Therabite® with wooden spatulas to relieve and prevent trismus in patients with cancer of the head and neck.

R. Lee, S.T. Yeo, Simon Rogers, A.L. Caress, A. Molassiotis, D. Ryder, P. Sanghera, C. Lunt, B. Scott, P. Keeley, R.T. Edwards, N. Slevin

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Abstract

Our aim was to compare the efficacy of the Therabite® jaw motion rehabilitation system (Atos Medical) with that of wooden spatulas to relieve and prevent trismus in patients who have had radiotherapy for stage three and four oral and oropharyngeal cancer. Secondary aims were to assess the feasibility and the impact of exercise on health-related quality of life (QoL), and the use of health services after treatment. We designed a randomised, open-label, controlled, three-centre feasibility study to compare the effectiveness and cost of the Therabite® and wooden spatulas. We studied compliance with exercises and health-related QoL, assessed cost using three health economics measures, and conducted semistructured interviews with patients. Patients were randomised into two groups: the Therabite® group (n=37) and the wooden spatula group (n=34). All patients had some sense of jaw tightening before the study started. Mean mouth opening after six months increased in both groups, but the difference between the groups was not significant (p=0.39). Completion rates for the three economic measures were good. There was no significant difference between the two groups in frequency of contact with care services or in QoL. Exercises during and after radiotherapy can ameliorate trismus in patients with stage three and four oral and oropharygeal cancers, but differences between groups in efficacy, compliance, QoL, or use of hospital or community health services, were not significant.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-291
JournalBritish Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume56
Issue number4
Early online date9 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 9 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Trismus
Feasibility Studies
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Quality of Life
Mouth Neoplasms
Exercise
Jaw
Radiotherapy
Economics
Oropharyngeal Neoplasms
Community Health Services
Compliance
Health Services
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Mouth
Rehabilitation
Interviews
Costs and Cost Analysis
Health

Keywords

  • Exercises
  • Feasibility
  • Head and Neck cancer
  • Health economics
  • Randomised trial
  • Trismus

Cite this

Lee, R. ; Yeo, S.T. ; Rogers, Simon ; Caress, A.L. ; Molassiotis, A. ; Ryder, D. ; Sanghera, P. ; Lunt, C. ; Scott, B. ; Keeley, P. ; Edwards, R.T. ; Slevin, N. / Randomised feasibility study to compare the use of Therabite® with wooden spatulas to relieve and prevent trismus in patients with cancer of the head and neck. In: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 2018 ; Vol. 56, No. 4. pp. 283-291.
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Lee, R, Yeo, ST, Rogers, S, Caress, AL, Molassiotis, A, Ryder, D, Sanghera, P, Lunt, C, Scott, B, Keeley, P, Edwards, RT & Slevin, N 2018, 'Randomised feasibility study to compare the use of Therabite® with wooden spatulas to relieve and prevent trismus in patients with cancer of the head and neck.', British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 56, no. 4, pp. 283-291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2018.02.012

Randomised feasibility study to compare the use of Therabite® with wooden spatulas to relieve and prevent trismus in patients with cancer of the head and neck. / Lee, R.; Yeo, S.T.; Rogers, Simon; Caress, A.L.; Molassiotis, A.; Ryder, D.; Sanghera, P.; Lunt, C.; Scott, B.; Keeley, P.; Edwards, R.T.; Slevin, N.

In: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Vol. 56, No. 4, 09.03.2018, p. 283-291.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Randomised feasibility study to compare the use of Therabite® with wooden spatulas to relieve and prevent trismus in patients with cancer of the head and neck.

AU - Lee, R.

AU - Yeo, S.T.

AU - Rogers, Simon

AU - Caress, A.L.

AU - Molassiotis, A.

AU - Ryder, D.

AU - Sanghera, P.

AU - Lunt, C.

AU - Scott, B.

AU - Keeley, P.

AU - Edwards, R.T.

AU - Slevin, N.

PY - 2018/3/9

Y1 - 2018/3/9

N2 - Our aim was to compare the efficacy of the Therabite® jaw motion rehabilitation system (Atos Medical) with that of wooden spatulas to relieve and prevent trismus in patients who have had radiotherapy for stage three and four oral and oropharyngeal cancer. Secondary aims were to assess the feasibility and the impact of exercise on health-related quality of life (QoL), and the use of health services after treatment. We designed a randomised, open-label, controlled, three-centre feasibility study to compare the effectiveness and cost of the Therabite® and wooden spatulas. We studied compliance with exercises and health-related QoL, assessed cost using three health economics measures, and conducted semistructured interviews with patients. Patients were randomised into two groups: the Therabite® group (n=37) and the wooden spatula group (n=34). All patients had some sense of jaw tightening before the study started. Mean mouth opening after six months increased in both groups, but the difference between the groups was not significant (p=0.39). Completion rates for the three economic measures were good. There was no significant difference between the two groups in frequency of contact with care services or in QoL. Exercises during and after radiotherapy can ameliorate trismus in patients with stage three and four oral and oropharygeal cancers, but differences between groups in efficacy, compliance, QoL, or use of hospital or community health services, were not significant.

AB - Our aim was to compare the efficacy of the Therabite® jaw motion rehabilitation system (Atos Medical) with that of wooden spatulas to relieve and prevent trismus in patients who have had radiotherapy for stage three and four oral and oropharyngeal cancer. Secondary aims were to assess the feasibility and the impact of exercise on health-related quality of life (QoL), and the use of health services after treatment. We designed a randomised, open-label, controlled, three-centre feasibility study to compare the effectiveness and cost of the Therabite® and wooden spatulas. We studied compliance with exercises and health-related QoL, assessed cost using three health economics measures, and conducted semistructured interviews with patients. Patients were randomised into two groups: the Therabite® group (n=37) and the wooden spatula group (n=34). All patients had some sense of jaw tightening before the study started. Mean mouth opening after six months increased in both groups, but the difference between the groups was not significant (p=0.39). Completion rates for the three economic measures were good. There was no significant difference between the two groups in frequency of contact with care services or in QoL. Exercises during and after radiotherapy can ameliorate trismus in patients with stage three and four oral and oropharygeal cancers, but differences between groups in efficacy, compliance, QoL, or use of hospital or community health services, were not significant.

KW - Exercises

KW - Feasibility

KW - Head and Neck cancer

KW - Health economics

KW - Randomised trial

KW - Trismus

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DO - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2018.02.012

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 283

EP - 291

JO - British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

JF - British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

SN - 0266-4356

IS - 4

ER -