Racism, identity and psychological wellbeing: a longitudinal perspective on politically embattled relations.

Christine Howe, Derek Heim, Rory O'Connor

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The relation between racism, identity and well-being has stimulated political debate as well as psychological analysis. Research is reported that explores the relation among young people of white (n =97) and minority (n =174) ethnicity. On first assessment, minority ethnic participants reported: (1) more frequent experiences of racism and discrimination than white participants; and (2) higher levels of ethnic identity and equivalent levels of national identity. Three years later, depressive symptomatology was highest among minority ethnic participants, and (for this group only) positively associated with racism and discrimination reported at first assessment, and negatively associated with national identity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2457-2474
JournalEthnic and Racial Studies
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2013



  • cultural diversity
  • racism
  • social identity
  • psychological well-being
  • adolescents and young adults
  • longitudinal analysis

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