Problem-based learning and clinical reasoning in sports therapy practice

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Abstract

Aims/Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) has received little empirical study in sports therapy teaching in the UK. The purpose of this study was to examine the inclusion of case based learning (CBL) through case study scenarios on the development of clinical reasoning (CR) within a second year undergraduate module on the Sports Therapy degree programme at a higher education institution in the UK. Method: The study was qualitative and exploratory in nature as a questionnaire was provided to the participants and common themes relating to the student experience of CBL were identified. Thirty-five students (n=35, 19 female and 16 male, mean age 21) completed the questionnaire relating to the student experience of the use of case studies and the impact on their CR. Findings: The findings of the study suggested that the majority of students perceived the case studies as being beneficial in developing their CR. To develop CR, students suggested that clinical skills and knowledge of injury must be accurate. The use of CBL invoked responses which suggested that answer correctness was important to the students. This may emphasise a need for knowledge transfer and the reinforcement of theory before practice. Conclusions: Problem-based learning and CR may be promoted through the use of case studies that provide a ‘real life, high fidelity’ type of scenario in addition to other methods of knowledge dissemination. Key words: n clinical reasoning n problem-based learning n case-based learning n case studies n student experience n sports therapy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-688
JournalProblem-based learning and clinical reasoning in sports therapy practice
Volume19
Issue number12
Early online date29 Sep 2013
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Sep 2013

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learning
Sports
student
scenario
questionnaire
theory-practice
knowledge transfer
experience
inclusion
education

Cite this

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title = "Problem-based learning and clinical reasoning in sports therapy practice",
abstract = "Aims/Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) has received little empirical study in sports therapy teaching in the UK. The purpose of this study was to examine the inclusion of case based learning (CBL) through case study scenarios on the development of clinical reasoning (CR) within a second year undergraduate module on the Sports Therapy degree programme at a higher education institution in the UK. Method: The study was qualitative and exploratory in nature as a questionnaire was provided to the participants and common themes relating to the student experience of CBL were identified. Thirty-five students (n=35, 19 female and 16 male, mean age 21) completed the questionnaire relating to the student experience of the use of case studies and the impact on their CR. Findings: The findings of the study suggested that the majority of students perceived the case studies as being beneficial in developing their CR. To develop CR, students suggested that clinical skills and knowledge of injury must be accurate. The use of CBL invoked responses which suggested that answer correctness was important to the students. This may emphasise a need for knowledge transfer and the reinforcement of theory before practice. Conclusions: Problem-based learning and CR may be promoted through the use of case studies that provide a ‘real life, high fidelity’ type of scenario in addition to other methods of knowledge dissemination. Key words: n clinical reasoning n problem-based learning n case-based learning n case studies n student experience n sports therapy",
author = "Wilson, {Lynsey Munro}",
year = "2013",
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doi = "10.12968/ijtr.2012.19.12.682",
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journal = "Problem-based learning and clinical reasoning in sports therapy practice",
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N2 - Aims/Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) has received little empirical study in sports therapy teaching in the UK. The purpose of this study was to examine the inclusion of case based learning (CBL) through case study scenarios on the development of clinical reasoning (CR) within a second year undergraduate module on the Sports Therapy degree programme at a higher education institution in the UK. Method: The study was qualitative and exploratory in nature as a questionnaire was provided to the participants and common themes relating to the student experience of CBL were identified. Thirty-five students (n=35, 19 female and 16 male, mean age 21) completed the questionnaire relating to the student experience of the use of case studies and the impact on their CR. Findings: The findings of the study suggested that the majority of students perceived the case studies as being beneficial in developing their CR. To develop CR, students suggested that clinical skills and knowledge of injury must be accurate. The use of CBL invoked responses which suggested that answer correctness was important to the students. This may emphasise a need for knowledge transfer and the reinforcement of theory before practice. Conclusions: Problem-based learning and CR may be promoted through the use of case studies that provide a ‘real life, high fidelity’ type of scenario in addition to other methods of knowledge dissemination. Key words: n clinical reasoning n problem-based learning n case-based learning n case studies n student experience n sports therapy

AB - Aims/Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) has received little empirical study in sports therapy teaching in the UK. The purpose of this study was to examine the inclusion of case based learning (CBL) through case study scenarios on the development of clinical reasoning (CR) within a second year undergraduate module on the Sports Therapy degree programme at a higher education institution in the UK. Method: The study was qualitative and exploratory in nature as a questionnaire was provided to the participants and common themes relating to the student experience of CBL were identified. Thirty-five students (n=35, 19 female and 16 male, mean age 21) completed the questionnaire relating to the student experience of the use of case studies and the impact on their CR. Findings: The findings of the study suggested that the majority of students perceived the case studies as being beneficial in developing their CR. To develop CR, students suggested that clinical skills and knowledge of injury must be accurate. The use of CBL invoked responses which suggested that answer correctness was important to the students. This may emphasise a need for knowledge transfer and the reinforcement of theory before practice. Conclusions: Problem-based learning and CR may be promoted through the use of case studies that provide a ‘real life, high fidelity’ type of scenario in addition to other methods of knowledge dissemination. Key words: n clinical reasoning n problem-based learning n case-based learning n case studies n student experience n sports therapy

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