Prevalence and factors associated with the use of antibiotics in non-bloody diarrhoea in children under 5 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa.

A Auta, BO Ogbonna, EO Adewuyi, D Adeloye, B Strickland-Hodge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives To estimate the prevalence and determine the factors associated with the use of antibiotics in the management of non-bloody diarrhoea in children under 5 years of age in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Methods We conducted a meta-analysis of demographic and health survey data sets from 30 countries in SSA. Pooled prevalence estimates were calculated using random effects model. ? 2 tests were employed to determine the factors associated with the antibiotic use. Results The pooled prevalence of antibiotic use among cases of non-bloody diarrhoea in children under 5 years of age was 23.1% (95% CI 19.5 to 26.7). The use of antibiotics in children with non-bloody diarrhoea in SSA was associated with (p<0.05) the source of care, place of residence, wealth index, maternal education and breastfeeding status. Conclusion We found an unacceptably high use of antibiotics to treat episodes of non-bloody diarrhoea in children under the age of 5 in SSA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-521
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume104
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Keywords

  • infectious diseases
  • tropical paediatrics

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