Preparatory Activity in Posterior Temporal Cortex Causally Contributes to Object Detection in Scenes

Reshanne R Reeder, Francesca Perini, Marius V Peelen

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Abstract

Theories of visual selective attention propose that top-down preparatory attention signals mediate the selection of task-relevant information in cluttered scenes. Neuroimaging and electrophysiology studies have provided correlative evidence for this hypothesis, finding increased activity in target-selective neural populations in visual cortex in the period between a search cue and target onset. In this study, we used online TMS to test whether preparatory neural activity in visual cortex is causally involved in naturalistic object detection. In two experiments, participants detected the presence of object categories (cars, people) in a diverse set of photographs of real-world scenes. TMS was applied over a region in posterior temporal cortex identified by fMRI as carrying category-specific preparatory activity patterns. Results showed that TMS applied over posterior temporal cortex before scene onset (-200 and -100 msec) impaired the detection of object categories in subsequently presented scenes, relative to vertex and early visual cortex stimulation. This effect was specific to category level detection and was related to the type of attentional template participants adopted, with the strongest effects observed in participants adopting category level templates. These results provide evidence for a causal role of preparatory attention in mediating the detection of objects in cluttered daily-life environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2117-2125
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Volume27
Issue number11
Early online date30 Sep 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Attention/physiology
  • Humans
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual/physiology
  • Reaction Time/physiology
  • Temporal Lobe/blood supply
  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

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