Pre-competitive state anxiety, objective and subjective performance and causal attributions in children competitive swimmers

R.C.J Polman, N Rowcliffe, E Borkoles, Andy Levy

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Abstract

This study investigated the nature of the relationship between precompetitive state anxiety (CSAI-2C), subjective (race position) and objective (satisfaction) performance outcomes, and self-rated causal attributions (CDS-IIC) for performance in competitive child swimmers. Race position, subjective satisfaction, self-confi dence, and, to a lesser extent, cognitive state anxiety (but not somatic state anxiety) were associated with the attributions provided by the children for their swimming performance. The study partially supported the self-serving bias hypothesis; winners used the ego-enhancing attributional strategy, but the losers did not use an ego-protecting attributional style. Age but not gender appeared to infl uence the attributions provided in achievement situations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-57
JournalPaediatric Exercise Science
Volume19
Publication statusPublished - 2007

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