This study investigated the nature of the relationship between precompetitive state anxiety (CSAI-2C), subjective (race position) and objective (satisfaction) performance outcomes, and self-rated causal attributions (CDS-IIC) for performance in competitive child swimmers. Race position, subjective satisfaction, self-conﬁ dence, and, to a lesser extent, cognitive state anxiety (but not somatic state anxiety) were associated with the attributions provided by the children for their swimming performance. The study partially supported the self-serving bias hypothesis; winners used the ego-enhancing attributional strategy, but the losers did not use an ego-protecting attributional style. Age but not gender appeared to inﬂ uence the attributions provided in achievement situations.
|Journal||Paediatric Exercise Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
Polman, R. C. J., Rowcliffe, N., Borkoles, E., & Levy, A. (2007). Pre-competitive state anxiety, objective and subjective performance and causal attributions in children competitive swimmers. Paediatric Exercise Science, 19, 39-57.