Police station meaning, closure and (in)visibility

ANDREW MILLIE, Liam Ralph, Michael Rowe, Matthew Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review


This article considers the visual symbolism of policing as reflected by the presence or absence of police stations. The focus is England where recent years have witnessed a prolonged period of police station closure. The article draws on interviews with police estate managers and considers their reasons given for closure and consequent impact on visibility. The discussion is influenced by visual criminology and semiotics, as well as the concept of the abstract police developed by Terpstra et al (2019; 2022), that police officers are now more abstract from the communities they serve, and from each other. Station closure was explained as being due to austerity, but also the unsuitability of ‘legacy’ buildings, changes in demand, and changes in police models. In these contexts, some closures may seem appropriate with public engagement maintained online. Moreover, poor community relations mean some may prefer not to have a local station. Yet, we argue that the visual presence or absence of a local police station can be read semiotically as a symbol of the police’s investment, or conversely lack of interest, in the community. The significance of these debates is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalPolicing and Society
Early online date13 Dec 2023
Publication statusPublished - 13 Dec 2023


  • police stations
  • architecture
  • semiotics
  • visual criminology
  • Law
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Police stations


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