Physiological and hormonal responses to successive Taekwondo combats

C A Bridge, L R McNaughton, G L Close, B Drust

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Bridge, C.A.1, McNaughton, L.1, Close, G.L.2, Drust, B.2 1 Edge Hill University, UK; 2 Liverpool John Moores University, UK Introduction Recent research into the physiological demands of Taekwondo has resulted in significant advances in our understanding of the energetic requirements of a single Taekwondo combat (Bridge et al. 2009; Chiodo et al. 2011). During a championship event, however, competitors may be required to compete in several combats during a single day. The aim of this study was to examine the physiological and hormonal responses to successive Taekwondo combats using an ecologically valid time structure. Methods Ten male international Taekwondo competitors (mean ± SD, age 19 ± 3 years, body mass 62.3 ± 2.6 kg, height 1.72 ± 0.04 m, competition experience 6 ± 1 years) took part in a simulated championship event. During the event, the competitors performed four combats that were interspersed with different recovery intervals (63 ± 4, 31 ± 3 and 156 ± 5 minutes respectively). Each combat comprised three two-minute rounds with one-minute rest separating each round. Heart rate (HR) was recorded at 5 s intervals during the combats. Venous blood samples were obtained immediately before and after each combat to determine plasma concentrations of lactate, glucose, glycerol, NEFA, epinephrine and norepinephrine. Results Significant reductions in plasma lactate (13.9 ± 4.2 vs. 10.5 ± 3.2 mmol.l-1; P < .05) and a trend for diminished norepinephrine (21.8 ± 12.8 vs. 16.1 ± 7.7 nmol.l-1; P = .06) were evident between combat 1 and 4. These responses did not appear to be influenced by the different recovery intervals. In contrast, greater (P < .05) plasma glycerol (202 ± 104 vs. 166 ± 92 µmol.l-1), NEFA (0.92 ± 0.24 vs. 0.78 ± 0.33 mmol.l-1) and reduced (P < .05) epinephrine (10.1 ± 5.5 vs. 12.1 ± 6.3 nmol.l-1) concentrations were identified in combat 3 following 31 minutes of recovery compared to combat 2, which was preceded by 63 minutes of recovery. In the final combat, an extended recovery period of 156 minutes was sufficient to restore plasma NEFA, glycerol and epinephrine to similar concentrations as combats 1 and 2, but higher HR was observed. Discussion The metabolic adjustments associated with performing repeated Taekwondo combats in this study are suggestive of an increased shift towards aerobic metabolism and diminished anaerobic energy yield. Interestingly, brief recovery intervals appeared to augment the aerobic requirements of the combat activity and accelerate lipolysis. These findings suggest that both the number of combats and different recovery intervals may play an integral role in regulating metabolic function in Taekwondo competition. References Bridge C.A. et al. (2009) Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 4, 485. Chiodo S. et al. (2011) J Strength Cond Res, 25, 334.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012
EventAnnual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS) - Bruges, Belgium
Duration: 4 Jul 20127 Jul 2012

Conference

ConferenceAnnual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS)
CountryBelgium
CityBruges
Period4/07/127/07/12

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Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Glycerol
Epinephrine
Lactic Acid
Norepinephrine
Heart Rate
Anaerobiosis
Lipolysis
Sports
Glucose
Research

Cite this

Bridge, C. A., McNaughton, L. R., Close, G. L., & Drust, B. (2012). Physiological and hormonal responses to successive Taekwondo combats. Poster session presented at Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS), Bruges, Belgium.
Bridge, C A ; McNaughton, L R ; Close, G L ; Drust, B. / Physiological and hormonal responses to successive Taekwondo combats. Poster session presented at Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS), Bruges, Belgium.
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abstract = "Bridge, C.A.1, McNaughton, L.1, Close, G.L.2, Drust, B.2 1 Edge Hill University, UK; 2 Liverpool John Moores University, UK Introduction Recent research into the physiological demands of Taekwondo has resulted in significant advances in our understanding of the energetic requirements of a single Taekwondo combat (Bridge et al. 2009; Chiodo et al. 2011). During a championship event, however, competitors may be required to compete in several combats during a single day. The aim of this study was to examine the physiological and hormonal responses to successive Taekwondo combats using an ecologically valid time structure. Methods Ten male international Taekwondo competitors (mean ± SD, age 19 ± 3 years, body mass 62.3 ± 2.6 kg, height 1.72 ± 0.04 m, competition experience 6 ± 1 years) took part in a simulated championship event. During the event, the competitors performed four combats that were interspersed with different recovery intervals (63 ± 4, 31 ± 3 and 156 ± 5 minutes respectively). Each combat comprised three two-minute rounds with one-minute rest separating each round. Heart rate (HR) was recorded at 5 s intervals during the combats. Venous blood samples were obtained immediately before and after each combat to determine plasma concentrations of lactate, glucose, glycerol, NEFA, epinephrine and norepinephrine. Results Significant reductions in plasma lactate (13.9 ± 4.2 vs. 10.5 ± 3.2 mmol.l-1; P < .05) and a trend for diminished norepinephrine (21.8 ± 12.8 vs. 16.1 ± 7.7 nmol.l-1; P = .06) were evident between combat 1 and 4. These responses did not appear to be influenced by the different recovery intervals. In contrast, greater (P < .05) plasma glycerol (202 ± 104 vs. 166 ± 92 µmol.l-1), NEFA (0.92 ± 0.24 vs. 0.78 ± 0.33 mmol.l-1) and reduced (P < .05) epinephrine (10.1 ± 5.5 vs. 12.1 ± 6.3 nmol.l-1) concentrations were identified in combat 3 following 31 minutes of recovery compared to combat 2, which was preceded by 63 minutes of recovery. In the final combat, an extended recovery period of 156 minutes was sufficient to restore plasma NEFA, glycerol and epinephrine to similar concentrations as combats 1 and 2, but higher HR was observed. Discussion The metabolic adjustments associated with performing repeated Taekwondo combats in this study are suggestive of an increased shift towards aerobic metabolism and diminished anaerobic energy yield. Interestingly, brief recovery intervals appeared to augment the aerobic requirements of the combat activity and accelerate lipolysis. These findings suggest that both the number of combats and different recovery intervals may play an integral role in regulating metabolic function in Taekwondo competition. References Bridge C.A. et al. (2009) Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 4, 485. Chiodo S. et al. (2011) J Strength Cond Res, 25, 334.",
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Bridge, CA, McNaughton, LR, Close, GL & Drust, B 2012, 'Physiological and hormonal responses to successive Taekwondo combats' Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS), Bruges, Belgium, 4/07/12 - 7/07/12, .

Physiological and hormonal responses to successive Taekwondo combats. / Bridge, C A; McNaughton, L R; Close, G L; Drust, B.

2012. Poster session presented at Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS), Bruges, Belgium.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - Physiological and hormonal responses to successive Taekwondo combats

AU - Bridge, C A

AU - McNaughton, L R

AU - Close, G L

AU - Drust, B

PY - 2012/7

Y1 - 2012/7

N2 - Bridge, C.A.1, McNaughton, L.1, Close, G.L.2, Drust, B.2 1 Edge Hill University, UK; 2 Liverpool John Moores University, UK Introduction Recent research into the physiological demands of Taekwondo has resulted in significant advances in our understanding of the energetic requirements of a single Taekwondo combat (Bridge et al. 2009; Chiodo et al. 2011). During a championship event, however, competitors may be required to compete in several combats during a single day. The aim of this study was to examine the physiological and hormonal responses to successive Taekwondo combats using an ecologically valid time structure. Methods Ten male international Taekwondo competitors (mean ± SD, age 19 ± 3 years, body mass 62.3 ± 2.6 kg, height 1.72 ± 0.04 m, competition experience 6 ± 1 years) took part in a simulated championship event. During the event, the competitors performed four combats that were interspersed with different recovery intervals (63 ± 4, 31 ± 3 and 156 ± 5 minutes respectively). Each combat comprised three two-minute rounds with one-minute rest separating each round. Heart rate (HR) was recorded at 5 s intervals during the combats. Venous blood samples were obtained immediately before and after each combat to determine plasma concentrations of lactate, glucose, glycerol, NEFA, epinephrine and norepinephrine. Results Significant reductions in plasma lactate (13.9 ± 4.2 vs. 10.5 ± 3.2 mmol.l-1; P < .05) and a trend for diminished norepinephrine (21.8 ± 12.8 vs. 16.1 ± 7.7 nmol.l-1; P = .06) were evident between combat 1 and 4. These responses did not appear to be influenced by the different recovery intervals. In contrast, greater (P < .05) plasma glycerol (202 ± 104 vs. 166 ± 92 µmol.l-1), NEFA (0.92 ± 0.24 vs. 0.78 ± 0.33 mmol.l-1) and reduced (P < .05) epinephrine (10.1 ± 5.5 vs. 12.1 ± 6.3 nmol.l-1) concentrations were identified in combat 3 following 31 minutes of recovery compared to combat 2, which was preceded by 63 minutes of recovery. In the final combat, an extended recovery period of 156 minutes was sufficient to restore plasma NEFA, glycerol and epinephrine to similar concentrations as combats 1 and 2, but higher HR was observed. Discussion The metabolic adjustments associated with performing repeated Taekwondo combats in this study are suggestive of an increased shift towards aerobic metabolism and diminished anaerobic energy yield. Interestingly, brief recovery intervals appeared to augment the aerobic requirements of the combat activity and accelerate lipolysis. These findings suggest that both the number of combats and different recovery intervals may play an integral role in regulating metabolic function in Taekwondo competition. References Bridge C.A. et al. (2009) Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 4, 485. Chiodo S. et al. (2011) J Strength Cond Res, 25, 334.

AB - Bridge, C.A.1, McNaughton, L.1, Close, G.L.2, Drust, B.2 1 Edge Hill University, UK; 2 Liverpool John Moores University, UK Introduction Recent research into the physiological demands of Taekwondo has resulted in significant advances in our understanding of the energetic requirements of a single Taekwondo combat (Bridge et al. 2009; Chiodo et al. 2011). During a championship event, however, competitors may be required to compete in several combats during a single day. The aim of this study was to examine the physiological and hormonal responses to successive Taekwondo combats using an ecologically valid time structure. Methods Ten male international Taekwondo competitors (mean ± SD, age 19 ± 3 years, body mass 62.3 ± 2.6 kg, height 1.72 ± 0.04 m, competition experience 6 ± 1 years) took part in a simulated championship event. During the event, the competitors performed four combats that were interspersed with different recovery intervals (63 ± 4, 31 ± 3 and 156 ± 5 minutes respectively). Each combat comprised three two-minute rounds with one-minute rest separating each round. Heart rate (HR) was recorded at 5 s intervals during the combats. Venous blood samples were obtained immediately before and after each combat to determine plasma concentrations of lactate, glucose, glycerol, NEFA, epinephrine and norepinephrine. Results Significant reductions in plasma lactate (13.9 ± 4.2 vs. 10.5 ± 3.2 mmol.l-1; P < .05) and a trend for diminished norepinephrine (21.8 ± 12.8 vs. 16.1 ± 7.7 nmol.l-1; P = .06) were evident between combat 1 and 4. These responses did not appear to be influenced by the different recovery intervals. In contrast, greater (P < .05) plasma glycerol (202 ± 104 vs. 166 ± 92 µmol.l-1), NEFA (0.92 ± 0.24 vs. 0.78 ± 0.33 mmol.l-1) and reduced (P < .05) epinephrine (10.1 ± 5.5 vs. 12.1 ± 6.3 nmol.l-1) concentrations were identified in combat 3 following 31 minutes of recovery compared to combat 2, which was preceded by 63 minutes of recovery. In the final combat, an extended recovery period of 156 minutes was sufficient to restore plasma NEFA, glycerol and epinephrine to similar concentrations as combats 1 and 2, but higher HR was observed. Discussion The metabolic adjustments associated with performing repeated Taekwondo combats in this study are suggestive of an increased shift towards aerobic metabolism and diminished anaerobic energy yield. Interestingly, brief recovery intervals appeared to augment the aerobic requirements of the combat activity and accelerate lipolysis. These findings suggest that both the number of combats and different recovery intervals may play an integral role in regulating metabolic function in Taekwondo competition. References Bridge C.A. et al. (2009) Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 4, 485. Chiodo S. et al. (2011) J Strength Cond Res, 25, 334.

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M3 - Poster

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Bridge CA, McNaughton LR, Close GL, Drust B. Physiological and hormonal responses to successive Taekwondo combats. 2012. Poster session presented at Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Science (ECSS), Bruges, Belgium.