Physical activity among children and young people with intellectual disabilities in special schools: teacher and learning support assistant perceptions

ANTHONY MAHER, Samuel Pierce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background
Despite well-established benefits of engaging in regular physical activity, children and young people with intellectual disabilities are significantly less active than their age-peers.

Methods
Semi-structured interviews were conducted with two teachers of PE and two learning support assistants working in special schools in order to provide an insight into the physical activity tendencies of children and young people (CYP) with intellectual disabilities.

Results
Access to and use of outdoor spaces was claimed to have a positive impact on the physical activity tendencies of CYP with intellectual disabilities. However, the schools we visited had limited indoor space, which impacted negatively on the duration and frequency of physical activity that CYP were able to engage in, particularly when space had to be shared because of timetabling issues and unfavourable weather. When it came to the ‘type’ of physical activities, individual, self-initiated and self-regulated were favoured.

Conclusions
We end by suggesting that the onus is on teachers and learning support assistants to think of creative ways of using limited indoor space. The use of dining and assembly halls may be one solution. So, too, may be more individualised physical activities because they are often better suited to the needs and capabilities of CYP, and can often be performed in limited space.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-44
Number of pages8
JournalBritish Journal of Learning Disabilities
Volume48
Issue number1
Early online date3 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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Disabled Persons
Intellectual Disability
Learning
Exercise
Weather
School Teachers
Interviews

Keywords

  • children with disabilities
  • education
  • health
  • intellectual disability

Cite this

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abstract = "BackgroundDespite well-established benefits of engaging in regular physical activity, children and young people with intellectual disabilities are significantly less active than their age-peers. MethodsSemi-structured interviews were conducted with two teachers of PE and two learning support assistants working in special schools in order to provide an insight into the physical activity tendencies of children and young people (CYP) with intellectual disabilities. ResultsAccess to and use of outdoor spaces was claimed to have a positive impact on the physical activity tendencies of CYP with intellectual disabilities. However, the schools we visited had limited indoor space, which impacted negatively on the duration and frequency of physical activity that CYP were able to engage in, particularly when space had to be shared because of timetabling issues and unfavourable weather. When it came to the ‘type’ of physical activities, individual, self-initiated and self-regulated were favoured.ConclusionsWe end by suggesting that the onus is on teachers and learning support assistants to think of creative ways of using limited indoor space. The use of dining and assembly halls may be one solution. So, too, may be more individualised physical activities because they are often better suited to the needs and capabilities of CYP, and can often be performed in limited space.",
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