Occupational therapy and psychosis: POINTER feasibility study for a pragmatic clinical trial

JOANNE INMAN, Katrina Bannigan, Jacqueline Akhurst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Introduction: The dearth of clinical trials of individualised occupational therapy with people with a diagnosis of psychosis limits the evidence base globally for occupational therapy practice. This study evaluated the feasibility of conducting a pragmatic clinical trial. Method: Mixed methods design using a pragmatic perspective; two-centre, one group pretest-posttest study at six months. POINTER Occupational Intervention Specification captured routine individualised occupational therapy. Process evaluation included recruitment, retention, intervention delivery, fidelity, adherence and outcome measurement. Primary outcome was participation in activities of everyday life, measured by: Time Use Survey, Participation Scale and Utrecht Scale for Evaluation of Rehabilitation Participation. The Canadian Occupational Performance Measure measured self-reported experience of and satisfaction with occupational performance.
The Short Form-36v2 Health Survey measured Health-related quality of life; a
secondary outcome. Participants’ experiences were explored using a questionnaire. Intervention providers’ perspectives were investigated via the POINTER occupational intervention log and focus groups.
Results: Recruitment was (20/36) and drop-out 20% (4/20). Fidelity was 77% and
adherence was good; POINTER had validity and utility. Outcome measurement was
acceptable to participants, indicating increased participation in activities of everyday life. Conclusion: A larger clinical trial is merited; recruitment processes need further exploration and outcome measurement needs refining.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)541-49
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume84
Issue number9
Early online date4 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Clinical trials

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