The Lowland Tapir (Tapirus terrestris), out of the four living tapir species, has the broadest distribution. Although it naturally occurs in a variety of habitats in the Neotropics, including rainforest lowlands, gallery forests, dry chaco forests, and open grassy habitats it is currently classified as vulnerable to extinction. The Lowland Tapir is usually found near water, but there have been a few occurrence records in highland habitats. Here we report on seven records of the Lowland Tapir using highland habitats in four localities in the state of Paraná, southern Brazil. Records included tracks and feces in cloud forests (1,150-1,800 m a.s.l.) and tracks in grasslands ("campos de altitude"; 1,515-1,760 m a.s.l.). Six records were obtained between spring and summer, and one during winter. Although the use of high altitude locations by the Lowland Tapir offers an additional area for population maintenance, the occurrence of the species in these areas could have been driven by increased anthropic pressures in the Atlantic Forest lowlands.
|Translated title of the contribution||The use of highlands by the Lowland Tapir (Tapirus terrestris) in the southern Brazilian Atlantic Forest|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Neotropical Biology and Conservation|
|Publication status||Published - 17 Sep 2012|
- Campos de altitude
- Cloud forest
- Serra do Mar