Naïve to expert: Considering the role of previous knowledge in memory. Considering the role of previous knowledge in memory

Alejandra Alonso, Jacqueline van der Meij, Dorothy Tse, Lisa Genzel

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Abstract

In humans, most of our new memories are in some way or another related to what we have already experienced. However, in memory research, especially in non-human animal research, subjects are often mostly naïve to the world. But we know that previous knowledge will change how memories are processed and which brain areas are critical at which time point. Each process from encoding, consolidation, to memory retrieval will be affected. Here, we summarise previous knowledge effects on the neurobiology of memory in both humans and non-human animals, with a special focus on schemas - associative network structures. Furthermore, we propose a new theory on how there may be a continuous gradient from naïve to expert, which would modulate the importance and role of brain areas, such as the hippocampus and prefrontal cortex.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2398212820948686
Pages (from-to)1-17
JournalBrain and Neuroscience Advances
Volume4
Early online date31 Aug 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • schema
  • memory consolidation
  • hippocampus
  • cortex
  • prefrontal cortex
  • previous knowledge

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