Multidimensional vector model of stimulus–response compatibility

Motonori Yamaguchi, Robert W Proctor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


The present study proposes and examines the multidimensional vector (MDV) model framework as a modeling schema for choice response times. MDV extends the Thurstonian model, as well as signal detection theory, to classification tasks by taking into account the influence of response properties on stimulus discrimination. It is capable of accounting for stimulus–response compatibility, which is known to be an influential task variable determining choice-reaction performance but has not been considered in previous mathematical modeling efforts. Specific MDV models were developed for 5 experiments using the Simon task, for which stimulus location is task irrelevant, to examine the validity of model assumptions and illustrate characteristic behaviors of model parameters. The MDV models accounted for the experimental data to a remarkable degree, demonstrating the adequacy of the framework as a general schema for modeling the latency of choice performance. Some modeling issues involved in the MDV model framework are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-303
JournalPsychological Review
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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