Microsatellite instability and p53 mutations in hepatocellular carcinoma

A Karachristos, T Liloglou, J K Field, E Deligiorgi, E Kouskouni, D A Spandidos

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We have studied 27 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) to identify possible relationships between microsatellite instability (MSI), p53 mutations, and HBV infection in hepatocarcinogenesis. MSI was assessed using 19 polymorphic markers and the poly(A) tract BAT-26. All coding regions of p53 were examined for mutations. Tumors were also examined for presence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA sequences; 66.6% of the samples exhibit MSI in at least one microsatellite locus and 44% in two or three loci. None of the tumors examined showed alterations in BAT-26. Moreover, 73.3% of samples with indication of HBV infection showed instability in at least one marker. No association between MSI and pathological profile was found. Five (18.5%) samples harbored mutations in p53, three missense, and two insertions, all in exons 5 and 8 not previously reported. No mutations were detected in codon 249, which has been linked with dietary intake of aflatoxins. Our results support the hypothesis that HCC is a "low" MSI tumor. Only 1/5 samples with MSI in more than two markers harbored a mutation in p53. Although the number of samples is too small to support a statistical significance, this finding may indicate an inverse relationship between p53 mutations and MSI in HCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-61
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular Cell Biology Research Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 25 Oct 1999


  • Base Sequence
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/etiology
  • DNA, Neoplasm/genetics
  • DNA, Viral/genetics
  • Female
  • Genes, p53
  • Hepacivirus/genetics
  • Hepatitis B/complications
  • Hepatitis B virus/genetics
  • Hepatitis C/complications
  • Humans
  • Liver Neoplasms/etiology
  • Loss of Heterozygosity
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Mutation
  • Point Mutation


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