Methylation discriminators in NSCLC identified by a microarray based approach

J K Field, T Liloglou, S Warrak, M Burger, E Becker, K Berlin, I Nimmrich, S Maier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)


Aberrant DNA methylation is a frequent phenomenon in non-small cell lung cancers. We have used a microarray approach to assess the methylation status of 245 CpG positions in 59 candidate genes in 26 squamous cell carcinomas, and 22 adenocarcinomas as well as 26 normal adjacent lung tissue samples from smokers to identify genes that show a distinct methylation status difference between the two different tumour type tissues and normal adjacent tissue. Tumour tissue samples were grouped together and compared to the normal tissue sample group. A multivariate test was performed, taking into account all CpG positions that were analyzed for a particular gene, to calculate p-values for each gene based on the observed methylation difference between the two groups, p-values obtained were corrected for multiple testing. The highest degree of differential DNA methylation in squamous cell carcinoma compared to normal was observed in ARHI, MGMT, GP1bbeta, RARbeta and TMEFF2 genes, while TMEFF2, MGMT and CDKNIC genes differentiated between adenocarcinomas and normal tissue. It is of note that some of the genes for which differential methylation status was observed, have not been previously described in lung cancer. Our results provide compelling evidence that different histological types of lung cancer may be distinguished from normal tissue based on methylation profiles of specific genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-11
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Oncology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2005


  • Adenocarcinoma/genetics
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • CpG Islands
  • DNA/metabolism
  • DNA Methylation
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms/genetics
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Oligonucleotides/chemistry
  • Smoking
  • Sulfites/pharmacology


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