Mental toughness in sport: Achievement level, gender, age, experience, and sport type differences

A.R Nicholls, R.C.J. Polman, Andy Levy, S.H. Backhouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)
1613 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

It was hypothesized that there would be significant differences in mental toughness among athletes of different: (a) achievement level, (b) gender, (c) age, (d) sporting experience, and (e) sport type (team vs. individual and contact vs. non-contact sports). Participants were 677 athletes and consisted of sports performers competing at international (n = 60), national (n = 99), county (n = 198), club/university (n = 289), and beginner (n = 31) levels. Results revealed a significant relationship between mental toughness and gender, age, and sporting experience. However, achievement level and the type of sport an athlete participated in was not significantly associated with mental toughness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-75
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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