Machine Learning and Internet of Things Enabled Monitoring of Post-Surgery Patients: A Pilot Study

Saeed Ali Alsareii*, Mohsin Raza, Abdulrahman Manaa Alamri, Mansour Yousef AlAsmari, Muhammad Irfan, Umar Khan, Muhammad Awais*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Internet of Things (IoT) offer immense potential to transform conventional healthcare systems. The IoT and AI enabled smart systems can play a key role in driving the future of smart healthcare. Remote monitoring of critical and non-critical patients is one such field which can leverage the benefits of IoT and machine learning techniques. While some work has been done in developing paradigms to establish effective and reliable communications, there is still great potential to utilize optimized IoT network and machine learning technique to improve the overall performance of the communication systems, thus enabling fool-proof systems. This study develops a novel IoT framework to offer ultra-reliable low latency communications to monitor post-surgery patients. The work considers both critical and non-critical patients and is balanced between these to offer optimal performance for the desired outcomes. In addition, machine learning based regression analysis of patients’ sensory data is performed to obtain highly accurate predictions of the patients’ sensory data (patients’ vitals), which enables highly accurate virtual observers to predict the data in case of communication failures. The performance analysis of the proposed IoT based vital signs monitoring system for the post-surgery patients offers reduced delay and packet loss in comparison to IEEE low latency deterministic networks. The gradient boosting regression analysis also gives a highly accurate prediction for slow as well as rapidly varying sensors for vital sign monitoring.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e1420
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number4
Early online date12 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • internet of things (IoT)
  • machine learning (ML)
  • artificial intelligence (AI)
  • healthcare
  • patient monitoring
  • human activity classification (HAC)
  • obesity
  • ultra-reliable low latency communication (URLLC)
  • gradient boosting regression
  • post-surgery recovery

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