Isokinetic profiling of elite youth footballers: Informing selection of a practicable and efficacious isokinetic screening test. Isokinetic profiling of elite youth footballers

TIMOTHY HORN, CHRISTOPHER BROGDEN, MATT GREIG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Isokinetic dynamometry represents the clinical gold standard for strength assessment but testing lack consensus. Elite youth male football players (n=28) completed 20 repetitions (analysed as 4 epochs) of eccentric knee flexor (eccKF) and concentric knee extensor (conKE) trials at 60, 180 and 270°∙s-1, quantifying peak torque (PT) and functional range (FR). There was a significant (P < 0.001) main effect for fatigue and angular velocity in conKE PT; eccKF PT was not significant across epoch (P = 0.35) and velocity (P = 0.12) and a velocity x epoch interaction highlighted more repetitions were required to elicit fatigue as velocity increased. FR decreased with fatigue (P < 0.001) and velocity (P < 0.01) in conKE and eccKF, indicative of a narrowing of the strength curve. Clinical interpretation advocates an isokinetic test comprising at least 15 reps at a velocity ≥ 180°∙s-1 and analysis beyond the peak of the strength curve (PT) to inform clinical reasoning and individualised exercise prescription.
Original languageEnglish
JournalResearch in Sports Medicine
Early online date23 Jun 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • isokintetic testing
  • soccer
  • youth

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