Interventions and methods to prepare, educate or familiarise children and young people for radiological procedures; a scoping review

LUCY BRAY, HOLLY SARON, Lisa Booth, Victoria Gray, Jill Thompson, MICHELLE MADEN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (journal)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
21 Downloads (Pure)


Children attending hospital for radiological procedures can experience uncertainty, anxiety and distress; this can result in sub-optimal experiences for children, poor scan quality and the need for radiological procedures to be rescheduled or sedation to be used. The preparation and education of children before clinical procedures has been shown to have a positive influence on procedural outcomes. This scoping review aimed to locate and examine the evidence relating to non-invasive interventions and methods to prepare, educate and familiarise children for radiological procedures within a health care setting. A comprehensive search strategy identified 36 articles. A narrative synthesis approach was adopted to make sense of the key findings.
Studies investigated a range of radiological procedures (MRI, plain radiographs, CT, fluoroscopy and Micturating cystourethrogram) using a wide range of interventions (smartphone applications, storybooks, videos, mock scanners) which varied by method, mode of delivery and target audience. The outcomes used to evaluate the value and impact of the interventions are wide, varied and inconsistently applied making it difficult to judge which interventions offer the optimal impact on scan quality, scan completion and children’s experiences. This review highlights that there is a need to further understand which specific elements of the non-invasive interventions ‘work best’ for children. There is a need for consistency on the outcomes measured and for these measures to include child-centred outcomes alongside scan quality and length of radiological procedure.
Keywords: Children, Preparation, Radiological Procedures, Scoping Review
Original languageEnglish
Article number146
Pages (from-to)146
JournalInsights into Imaging
Issue number1
Early online date5 Sept 2022
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 Sept 2022


  • Children
  • Preparation
  • Radiological Procedures
  • Scoping Review


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